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Lecture

Population and Urbanization


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC103H1
Professor
Adam Green

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Topic 11 t Population & Urbanization (NS Chp 15)
Three Main Types of Cities:
-- Industrial City: began in 19th Century, reaches its peak in the 1920s and 30s;
-- Corporate City: arose after WWII; dominates during the 1950s and 60s;
-- Postmodern City: from 1970s up to present;
Democratic Transition:
-- High birth/death rates;
-- High birth rates/ low death rates;
-- Low birth rates/ low death rates;
Industrial Development in Canada:
-- Availability of investment capital: The Canada Bank Act of 1871;
-- Large numbers of factories along the Great Lakes;
-- Building of the transcontinental railroad;
-- immigration policy on the Prairies;
z the Industrial City
Concentric-Zone Model
-- Zone 1 (most inner) t CBD: big-money commercial enterprises;
-- Zone 2 t Zone in Transition: land for CBD to push outwards; also marginal businesses and cheap housing;
-- Zone 3 t Zone of working-class homes;
-- Zone 4 t Zone of better residences: middle class;
-- Zone 5 t Commuter Zone;
Multiple-Nuclei Model
-- Criticizes Burgess in his ^one central growth_;
-- More than one concentration, but many concentrations of specific function;
-- e.g. Los Angeles ^City without a downtown;_
Sector Model
-- Criticizes Burgess in his ^Concentric Circle_ development;
-- Cities grew in sectors or wedges along major transportation arteries;
-- Like tentacles of an octopus from the CBD;
-- Social character of each sector remains constant;
Other Criticism of Burgess: Residential attachment (Boston);
z The Corporate City
Five Major Elements:
-- The corporate suburb;
-- The shopping center;
-- The suburban industrial park;
-- The downtown office tower;
-- The high-rise apartment building;
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