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SOC103H1 Lecture Notes - Macrosociology, Microsociology, Industrial Revolution

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Learn about history/development of soc
Macrosociology, microsociology, sociological imagination
Understand 3 key theoretical paradigms
Sociology = systematic study of societies
o Types of people
o Types of relationships
o Types of groups
o "haves and have nots"
Social behaviours
o Cultures , experiences
Social institutions
Social institutions are organized structures involving various social relationships to solve social problems
A relatively stable, shared pattern of behaviour based on relatively stable values
Meets people's most important needs (eg for order, belief, and reproduction)
It includes the structural components through which most needs are met (laws, religions, and families)
Therefore, can speak of "the family" as a social institution
o All institutions have a common denominator (eg they all occupy space/territory eg school, church)
o Must have leaders to function
o Most live forever (eg family lives forever, will always have families in the world)
o All have institutional behaviour (eg u of t vs york, work/procedures) and bodies
o Must have organization of structure
Social institution
Social institutions are stable patterns of behaviour created and maintained through social interaction
Herbert Spencer argued that institutions are like plants
They require weeding and watering
Must grow gradually
Marx says all institutions are machines of oppression except the proletariat institutions
Social institutions perform both manifest and latent functions
o Manifest
Intended and easily recognized (eg universities transmit knowledge)
o Latent
Unintended and often hidden (eg universities are a marriage market)
Sociology's Emergence
About 200 years ago
New social problems arose form
o Industrialization
o Urbanization
o Political revolutions
Also important:
o The Enlightenment
The rise of science
New questioning of religious belief and tradition
Science and sociology pursuit truth and knowledge
Science and sociology believe in the same things
Sociology brought many questions to religion
The Two Revolution
The two social revolutions particularly influenced the growth of sociology
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