Lecture 1 Jan 10.rtf

7 views15 pages
1 Apr 2012
School
Department
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

SOC103H1
Lecture One January 10, 2012
Jieun Lee
*Some exam is solely from textbook
*Check exam details on syllabus
History and develop of sociology
Macrosociology, Microsociology, sociological
imagination
Understand three key theoretical paradigms
Sociology- the systematic study of societies, study
of characters, cultures
Types of people: the kind of people (beliefs,
energy, lifestyle, way they interact with
each other- relationships that influences
attitude, day-to-day realities, how people
relate to each other is depended upon each
other for good or bad )
Types of relationships
Types of Groups
Haves and Have-nots
Social Behaviours
Social Institutions
Formal definition of a social institution
Social institutions are organized structures
involving various social relationships to solve
social problems
A relatively stable, shared pattern of behaviour
based on relatively stable values
Meets people's most important needs (e.g. for
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 15 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
order, belief, reproduction)
It includes the structural components through
which most needs are met (laws, religions, and
families)
Therefore, can speak of "the family" as a social
institution
There is no society without institution
All institutions have a common denominator,
similarity:
all occupy a state/territory (i.e. school, factory)
have a leader
perpetual- live forever (i.e. a "family" lives forever-
it perpetuates, it breathes)
institutional behaviours/values (i.e. U of T's
institutional behaviour is completely
different from York)
all have structures/organizational structure (most
change with time, no
organization/structure stays forever as it is,
because as society changes, institution
must change with society)
Social Institution
Def: social institutions are stable patterns of
behaviour created and maintained through
social interaction
Herbert Spencer: argued that institutions are like
plants
They require weeding and watering
Must grow gradually
Marx: All institutions are machines of oppression
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 15 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
except the proletariat institutions
Stability of institutions are questionable- Spencer
"plants" because they grow and develop
Social institutions perform both manifest and latent
functions.
Manifest functions:
Intended and easily recognized (i.e. universities
transmit knowledge)
Latent functions
Unintended and often hidden, a byproduct of
manifest functions (i.e. universities
are a marriage market)
Ex: Buy a BMW to drive, but also to show that you
are wealthy
Sociology's Emergence
About 200 years ago
New social problems arose from:
industrialization:
urbanization
political revolutions
Also important: The Enlightenment (regarded as
the Age of Reason, 1620-1718), the
rise of science (values truth and
knowledge, employs logical
inquiries and methods, which
sociology borrowed, name of
positivism; examines foundational
theories, as does sociology) new
questioning of religious belief and
tradition (because prior to
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 15 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class