Lecture 5- Feb 14.rtf

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1 Apr 2012
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SOC103 Lecture 5: Feb 14, 2012
Family is a durable institution- refuses emotional
gratification, a refuge for safety and protection
Family is not what it used to be before- it is a set of social
relationships that change with time
There are some things that cannot change:
1) Family continues to reproduce
2) Families continue to be agents of socialization
3) They continue to provide safety for their members -
4) They will be important elements of society
If there are changes in family dynamics how can we
understand different types of families?
1) Nuclear family: basic family unit, very small unit,
separate from kinship - not extended/multiple
groups throughout- has father, mother, children
that live together in the same building and size is
small. INDEPENDENT FAMILY
Once, having more children was a source of pride- means
of owning property
Why do these changes occur in family?
Economic situation- people cannot raise as many children
as they used to
Because now punishment is considered taboo, children are
considered autonomous in their own
right
Parental authority has declined over children.
In some cultures, there is payment for the bride- that is
now disappearing
2) Extended family: INTERDEPENDENT FAMILY
Share same residence and resource
3) Census family
married/in cohabitation for more than one year
doesn't include aunts, uncles, cousins
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Revolution is always a source of change
This was triggered by industrialization
Predicted that industrial influences are effective impacts
on families, especially the development of
women's role in society
Single-parenting and same-sex parenting is increasing,
marriage is decreasing-
Nuclear family has become a family is choice
Nuclear family: placeable, adaptable, portable
An ideal for modern society- easy to manage
it is also the right of women to choose what they want to
do, this is dependent on their capacity to do- if
they want to have one children, two children, etc.
- all dependent on the woman
Abortion, contraceptions- are no longer immoral, morality
is multiple, there is no universal morality that
dictates everybody.
society is willing to accept those things, moral relativism is
prevalent.
Why these changes?
Industrialization brought changes, the dynamic of society
and family are changing
Technology of communication
Smaller family is needed because it is flexible, easy to
migrate, to relocate - that is what industries
want
Multinational corporations have become very flexible
Changes triggered by the role of women, women no longer
remain a housewife- they are out there
equally with males in society
Although there are changes that brought nuclear family-
the culture influence that brought
industrialization
Starting from 950 AD, the first time a priest blessed
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