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Lecture

Sociology Lecture 1.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC200H1
Professor
Alexandra Marin
Semester
Fall

Description
September122011Threeareasofsociology1Theory2Substantiveresearchontopics3MethodologythestudyofmethodsThefinalexamwillbebasedontheareasofoverlapbetweenthesethreethemesWhatmakesasociologicalquestion1Itisaboutthesocialworld2Itistheoreticallyrelevant3AsociologicalquestionhastobeanswerableempiricallyNormativequestionsarenotsociologicalbecausetheyarenottestableThereisnorealwaytofindoutifsomethingistrulygoodorbadrightorwrongandthusitisnotempiricalEpistemologythestudyoftruthorknowingMethodologythescienceoffindingoutWaystoknowthingsAuthoritywhenanindividualsexpertisemakesthemmorebelievablethansomeonewithoutexpertiseProblemswithauthorityTheHaloEffectPeoplewithauthoritycanliePeoplewhoareexpertsinoneareacanbeconsideredtobeauthorityinanotherareaeveniftheyknowlittleornothingaboutthetopicTraditioninformationthathasbeenpassedthroughsocializationbecausethisisthewayithasalwaysbeenProblemswithtraditionTraditionlimitsinquirybecausewetakewhatistraditiontobetruthWedonottakethetimetofindoutiftraditionholdstruthbecausetraditionisthewayithasalwaysbeenandweassumethatitmustbethiswayforareasonTraditioncanbecontradictoryandconflictingDoesabsencemaketheheartgrowfonderordoesoutofsightmeanoutofmindExperienceandObservationInformationgatheredfromobservationsensesandexperienceProblemswithexperienceandobservationOurobservationsdonotnecessarilyreflectobjectiverealityGoingfromobservationtoconclusionrequiresanalysisandmistakescanoccurhereIfyouobservesomethingcarelesslyorinaccuratelyyoucandrawanincorrectconclusion
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