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Course Code
Alexandra Marin

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Last week paradigms lenses in which we see the social world what q and where we look, not
helpful predicting answers ex commuter st or resident students paradigms not specific
enough to be useful Plato Aristotle abstract theories
Hypothesis what happens particular setting particular time, theory more time and
resources will excel at that activity, come to hypothesis not about commuters rich or poor
theory flexible but specific enough clear prediction it can make
Some name go from boys to girls not any other way, reason boys adoptive of boys less likely
given to males not general enough to be theory but turn to theory of middle range when
something of high stauts group ass with low high abandon it, postulate things such as
sociology being high status,
Theory st of interrelated propositions
Social science theory has no evidence true or not
Bernie Beck trips ass of , basic idea we can make a theory from a finding take finding state
it write it down take specific concepts such as people students teacher remove and replace
what examples of such as people interact, names instead use thing out of fashion, remove
boys and names boys are high status group take concept and replace with something more
general from specific to abstract to specific
Know theory is good, if its robust means turns out more or less the same if there are some
errors basic just of answer same. Theories robust if hold in many different ways only worked
for one wouldnt think it was robust one way wonder about theory
Causation, one thing causes another hard to show conclusively textbook argues
1)Correlation, where do variables vary together one goes up other goes up positive or down
and down negative correlation has to have variable rich people is attribute, amount of
income is attribute and a lot of time studied and good grades, amount of time studied, one
thing causes another should show correlation
2) Time order, cause came before effect, not so simple, good job the good education is method
issue, more than it is a theoritcal issue depression and isolation which one came first
chicken and egg problem not problem of method or research design, show causation
untangle it
3) Cant overcome, anything else causes is, more starks higher birth rate starks bring babies
something else explains it rural areas, ice cream sales and drowning ppl eat ice in heat and
swim in heat, 3rd variable, platform more ppl sooner train comes it actually is time since
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