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Lecture

Practice of Social Science


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC200H1
Professor
Eric Fong

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September 14 – The Practice of Social Research
Part 1: An Introduction to Inquiry
1. Human Inquiry and Science
2. Paradigms, Theor y and Research
3. The Ethics and Politics of Social Research
Looking for reality
Understanding reality is complicated
Scientific criteria
oLogical (if A > B and B > C, then A > C)
oEmpirical
Ordinary Human Inquiry
Observation
oCausal: future circumstances or events are determined by the present circumstances or
events
oProbabilistic: future circumstances or events are more likely to occur wit h the present
circumstances or events
Functions:
oUnderstanding
oPrediction
Tradition
oAdvantages:
Cumulative
oDisadvant ages:
Prevent to see alternative perspectives
Extra effor t to deconstruct traditional view
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