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Alexandra Marin

SOC200;Lec3 24/09/2012 Ethics  There was a time in the school of sociology when the researchers were only answerable to their own conscience.  It was the “wild wild west” of research.  During WW2 there were studies conducted on people in concentration camps, conducting research on people who don’t have a choice is not ethical.  1970s Tuskegee Syphilis Study o There was a cure for syphilis, and these young black men were given pills saying they were pills to cure syphilis but it was really just placebo o The aim was to research long term effects of untreated syphilis  After WW2 social scientists were really interested in why people do things they do, like the holocaust where people acted in a really fucked up way  Milgram Experiment: o People who obey people in authority o Ethical issue: is it okay to trick the subjects into thinking the other person were getting shocked  Zimbardo Experiment o Stanford prison experiment o People in authority abuse their power o Set up a mock prison, made people role play guards and prison o They had to stop the experiment, because guards were abusing their power.  Ethics Review o Most researchers nowadays are subject to codes of ethics o Tri-Council Policy Statement  SSHRC, CIHR (Canadian Institute for Health Research) & NSERC o Institutional Research Ethics Boards o Professional ethical codes o None of this is law, but if you break the codes you will get trouble funding again but your reputation and job would be on the line  Basic Principles of Ethical Research o Voluntary participation  Must have informed consent.  Be they subjects (experiments, respondents (survey), or participants (observation)  You have to tell them about all risks, and you have let them know a little about the study and also let them know what the participation entails o Avoid harm to participants  Avoid physical/psychological harm  Embarrassment, anxiety, emotional discomfort  Balance risks and benefits o Deception  Generally discouraged, sometimes necessary if you have to do it Benefits must outweigh the Risks  Debrief, if deception were used you must tell them after the study is done about the truth, explain the study and hear about their experience o Ensure people’s privacy  People who read the study shouldn’t be able to identify respondents  People who know respondents shouldn’t be able to identif
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