SOC200H1 Lecture Notes - Stanford Prison Experiment, Natural Sciences And Engineering Research Council, Milgram Experiment

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Published on 20 Oct 2012
School
UTSG
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC200H1
SOC200;Lec3 24/09/2012
Ethics
There was a time in the school of sociology when the researchers were
only answerable to their own conscience.
It was the “wild wild west” of research.
During WW2 there were studies conducted on people in concentration
camps, conducting research on people who don’t have a choice is not
ethical.
1970s Tuskegee Syphilis Study
o There was a cure for syphilis, and these young black men were
given pills saying they were pills to cure syphilis but it was really
just placebo
o The aim was to research long term effects of untreated syphilis
After WW2 social scientists were really interested in why people do
things they do, like the holocaust where people acted in a really fucked up
way
Milgram Experiment:
o People who obey people in authority
o Ethical issue: is it okay to trick the subjects into thinking the other
person were getting shocked
Zimbardo Experiment
o Stanford prison experiment
o People in authority abuse their power
o Set up a mock prison, made people role play guards and prison
o They had to stop the experiment, because guards were abusing
their power.
Ethics Review
o Most researchers nowadays are subject to codes of ethics
o Tri-Council Policy Statement
SSHRC, CIHR (Canadian Institute for Health Research) &
NSERC
o Institutional Research Ethics Boards
o Professional ethical codes
o None of this is law, but if you break the codes you will get trouble
funding again but your reputation and job would be on the line
Basic Principles of Ethical Research
o Voluntary participation
Must have informed consent.
Be they subjects (experiments, respondents (survey), or
participants (observation)
You have to tell them about all risks, and you have let them
know a little about the study and also let them know what
the participation entails
o Avoid harm to participants
Avoid physical/psychological harm
Embarrassment, anxiety, emotional discomfort
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Document Summary

There was a time in the school of sociology when the researchers were only answerable to their own conscience. It was the wild wild west of research. During ww2 there were studies conducted on people in concentration camps, conducting research on people who don"t have a choice is not ethical. After ww2 social scientists were really interested in why people do things they do, like the holocaust where people acted in a really fucked up way. Milgram experiment: people who obey people in authority, ethical issue: is it okay to trick the subjects into thinking the other person were getting shocked. Zimbardo experiment: stanford prison experiment, people in authority abuse their power, set up a mock prison, made people role play guards and prison, they had to stop the experiment, because guards were abusing their power. Ethics review: most researchers nowadays are subject to codes of ethics, tri-council policy statement. Sshrc, cihr (canadian institute for health research) &

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