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Lecture 3

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September 24, 2012 Lecture #3 - SOC 201 Alienation + Karl Marx Proposition Paper Investigate concepts Contrasts thinkers Alienation has individual + social dimensions Individual alienation denotes estrangement from the self in its creative potentialities Social alienation denotes estrangement from other ppl The two are not necessarily linked: individual creativity can co-exist with social alienation (example: cultural pro- duction in big cities like NY) Hence Marx is wrong to assume that the end of alienation requires the end of capitalism Marx Claims that both kinds of alienation (individual + alienation from each other) once capitalism is gone (but maybe the 2 aren’t linked?) German Ideology 1. The premise of historical materialism a. The approach of marx (marxism, etc) its also called historical materialism b. Marx was arguing against a german thought which explained history thru ideas c. Yes theres a pattern to history, you have to pay attention to how different societies organize to meet needs 2. Implication of studying society: how society produces is fundamental a. If you want to understand how society works, why not start from fundamentals b. In order to survive, ppl need to have their basics necessities - we wldnt be able to reproduce c. If we want to understand why ppl do what they do, we need to understand how society works in order for ppl to meet their needs (according to marx) d. If you don't have control over the means of production, you wont have capital therefore you need to sell ur labour to get necessities e. Laws + state are there to amp up production f. Economic system - bourgeoisie exploits the proletarians g. Class is a fundamental thing marx bases his thoughts on h. “The mode of production of material life determines the general character of the social, political and spiritual processes of life” - Marx 3. Division of labour, example from Adam Smith, the wealth of Nations (1776) a. Division of labour becomes increasingly complex b. Tasks that require to make something are continuously broken down - assembly line c. Thats a division of labour d. Smith says that the division of labour is the only way to produce things 4. Division of labour, cons
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