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SOC201H1 (76)
Lecture

weber lecture

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC201H1
Professor
J.Veugelers
Semester
Fall

Description
Max Weber 1. Christian Europe 2. Martin Luther (1483 – 1546) and the Protestant Reform 3. Calvinism and Predestination 4. Weber on the Protestant ethics 5. Interpreting Weber’s argument 1. Christian Europe Religion was intertwined with daily life such as important ceremonies, death, marriage, baptism. There were monasteries for monks, nuns, etc. and material life has religion shaping its ascetics  Disagreement with the church is difficult as it is hard to think outside religious paradigm. Even when challenging, it is not the teachings of the church but it is the institutions that don’t live up to the teachings that are challenged. ie. Being materialist (large cathedrals) when preaching poverty and humility and are seen as arrogant as some.  Monasteries had economic and political power as they have $$ and bishops have power in decisions (must be consulted for political decisions/standing up to kings) 2. Martin Luther SEE: background of Martin Luther w/Pope selling indulgences and thus leading Martin Luther to challenge the church. Perceived degeneration of Roman Catholic Church causing the Protestant reaction. He thought salvation was possible outside the Roman Catholic Church thus rejecting the institution (instead of religion). With Protestant spreading, religion becomes more of an individual/private affair. This marks the end of the Roman Catholic Church’s monopoly over Christianity. In Politics, religion was used as a prop for rulers – evoking the name of God to justify ruling. This is now challenged due to Protestant. Ideas – space for debate of Truth taken new vigor in Western world with new religions thought and follows political thoughts. 3. Calvinism Calvinism is a branch of Protestant. This spread from Switzerland to Scotland, England, Netherland, and New England. All these places seems to be capitalist territories. Double pre-destination – God is all knowing and powerful. God has already decided ahead of time who will be damned and who will be saved in the afterlife. Calvinism → our souls are out of our hands. Weber → Calvinist must have had intolerable psychological pain from not knowing if they were saved or damned. They wanted a sign. The sign was the ability to be able to have the devotion to good work means that one was saved. This soothed their fear of damnation. Signs: steady work, humorless devotion to one’s work, instead of wasting money – reinvesting to get more money→ dutiful. 4. Weber on the Protestant ethics Paradoxical results historical in a post ?-----? injected new vigor into economic act
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