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SOC201H1-Nov 21, Week 10

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University of Toronto St. George

stNov 21the Elementary forms of Religion Life 11222011 102700 AM Touching on the past couple of weeks 1 Why there is weird joining of reason with God in the writing of Hegel Think about his biography Previously trained as a theologian and lied in a highly religious societyGermany was also a conservative society removed from development such as rise of industrial capitalism in England and French revolutionHegel idealized the French revolution watched it unfold from a distance being afraid at the upheavalJoining reason with god was a way of dealing with the tension of the promise of enlightenment and liberation and the turmoil that might arise if the lower classes in Germany rose up in the way they did in FranceIf we know a bit about his biographyhistorical circumstances we can understand why he might come to this reconcile 2 For Hegel history represent the unfolding of different ideasFeuerbach disagreed with Hegel proposed the idea that god was a fiction which the best characteristics of human could be reflected upon He argued thatwanted more offensive modern history He proposed not to end religion but to criticize religion to push humanity Marx agrees with Hegel that history unfolds in a dialectical manner but these opposites for Marx are not ideas but social classes defined in terms of their diff relations to means of production He also criticizes Feuerbach for Marx also talks about Practices the important thing is not to understand the world but to change the world IDEAS SHOULD BE TOOLS TO CHANGE THE WORLD THE TEST OF IDEAS IS THE EXTENT TO WHICH THEY STAND UP PRACTICING THEMMarx identifies Feuerbach as a materialist but criticizes this mechanical materialism in him even though Marx himself was identified as a materialist Remember he was talking about speciesbeing According to Marx the problem with Feuerbach he neglects the active creative side of human beings Marx implicitly is a arguing that Feuerbachs materialism is too deterministic because it misses that creative side of human beingsDurkheim 1912The Elementary Forms of Religious Life1 Categories shape all ideas
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