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SOC101 2012 01 11 lecture

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Robert Brym

2012-01-11 Sociology Gender Inequality Movie #1 Rosies of the North - Women came into the Canadian workforce mainly due to the socio-political forces (usually war). They were dismissed after the war. Since then, there has been an ongoing tension between men and women in the workforce and in the society Movie #2 Service in the Sky - Problem of race (the African-American waiter serving flight attendants), class (who could afford to take the airplane and even the class of women that could apply to become a flight attendant), and gender( main focus- flight attendant and the service sector. “Pink job?”) apparent in the movie. In Canada, - Women earn less than men even if they work at the same workplace and hold the same job - There is no occupation where women earn more than men - Women earn ~71% of what men earn for full-year, full time work $= 1(men): 0.71(women) - For women who are university graduates, they earn slightly more (~74%) - Canada has the largest wage gap between women and men in the 29 developed countries - The major factor for the inequality: presence of children - Even when women‟s poverty rate is at its lowest, 1 out of 7 women live below the poverty line in the wealthiest countries in the world. Four Social Mechanisms that Reinforce Gender Inequality Job discrimination - Microsoft employed about 1000 workers. They hired 2 women executives in order to get an air force contract. Bill Gates said that hiring women is beneficial because they can pay half of the wages and give female workers craft work. - Women were fired when they got married until it was stopped in 1955. And it was not refused until 1967. - More % of women on the job, the lower the wages are. Occupational Segregation - Pink jobs/ blue jobs: women‟s jobs like office work and sales representative/ men‟s job like factory work and engineering. Incomparable Worth - Skills required to perform jobs that are held by women pays less than skills that are required by men to hold jobs Disproportionate Family Obligations - “Double shift”: 3/4 of unpaid labour (childcare, housework and elderly care) is done by women in Canada. It means working all day at the workplace, coming home, then working again. - Many women are only able to work part time because of family obligations. So called “non-standard” work provides little or no benefits, union, or guarantee. It is more common among women and the wages are lower than full time jobs as we
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