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Politics as a Vocation.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

Politics as a Vocation - MAX WEBER  What do we understand by poliics? o Comprises any kind of independent leadership in action o Today we only wish to understand politics by means of leadership, or the influencing of the leadership, of a political association.. of a state  Ultimately state can only be defined in terms of means peculiar to it o Physical force  Weber agrees that every state is founded on force - means specific to the state o Concept of state will be eliminated otherwise o Today, State = human community that (successfully) claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory. (territory is a characteristic of state)  If the state is to exist, the dominated must obey the authority claimed by the powers that be. o Three inner justifications/basic legitimations of domination  1) The authority of the “eternal yesterday” – traditional domination exercised by the patriarch and the patrimonial prince of yore  2) Authority of the extraordinary and personal gift of grace - “charismatic” domination (war lords, political party leaders)  3) Domination by virtue of “legality – servants of state, by those who bear power that resembles him.  The three pure types of legitimation mentioned above are rarely found in reality. o Problems belong to political science  Calling – second type of authority o The leaders are personally recognized as the innerly “called” leader of men. People obey them because believe in him  How do the politically dominant powers manage to maintain their domination? o
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