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SOC203H1 March 5th.docx

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SOC203H1 March 5 , 2012 Lectureh 3/5/2012 4:12:00 PM SOC203 March 5, 12 Weber “Politics as a vocation” excerpt Context: a speech Weber gave in 1919 in Munich, Germany after it was just been defeated after bloody war in society with great deal of disorientation. Regime in place were responsible for loss of war and loss of life, sadness and loss of property, damage to German prestige. Germany was also disoriented socially. -communism strong in Germany at the time -mutany in Germany navy on part of sailors who thought Germany should be communist as well -beruf (means calling in the eyes of God, way to achieve salvation, has religious connotation, towards a higher calling) -Weber addressing to bunch of young people and thought having a calling should help them live their lives -Weber down to earth when addressing questions, surprises audiences 1. p78 Define the state, borrows the definition of the state by Trotsky (who led Russian revolution), **we should memorize this definition** 2. Raises question: why do men (sexless) obey? In answering on p78-79 talks about 3 forms of authority **distinguish and remember, will show up on test** 3. Weber doesn’t value equality in and of itself (not a left wing), argue “yesterday”feudal age, the ruler was powerful person who excel in warfare and control courts and had control over sidekicks, the other lords who help him rule, contrasts “today”-> modern system, the ruler is separated from means of administration (uses quasi Marxist language, not a Marxists tho) , P81 talks about the estates, status groups of feudal times: the church, the nobility, the guilds (control production in different spheres, ie. One responsible for arms, pottery, silverwares etc), these status groups have political representation **understand what estates change as go to modern political system** If we had read the entire excerpt, should know: 4. Bureaucracy: Weber looks at it in terms of power relations, think it is the most effective tool for getting things done by rulers ever invented; duties of elected official/politician, should take responsible for their decisions, appointed officials, should only carry out duties, should NOT make decisions, but carry out decisions made by appointed officials. In reality, there is a blurring of duties. Weber interested in how politics led to leadership: -Weber pointing out how elected and appointed officials have different responsibilities and the extent their duties are blurred poses the question who are making decisions for us, the elected ones, or appointed ones? -Weber talks of the “Political Machine” , impressed by big cities in US -Weber concern the social processes nations produce leaders, see parties as breeding grounds for leaders; candidates learn leadership and organization skills which becomes useful if candidate become leader of country -Weber draws distinction from those who live from politics and those who live for politics. People who live from politics, as a way of making a living, are replacing those who live for politics, those who see politics as their calling -There is a change from traditional to charisma  view that this did not provide the proper leadership that Germany needed at the time -Truly ethical politicians would weigh their actions, realize ends do not justify their means Why do men obey in a nutshell: Men and people obey because they feel the commands are legitimate. Weber talks about what makes commands legitimate. Authority in an abstract way: Situating Authority 1. Power  definition within Weber’s reading of “class, status, power” 2. Domination  Probability that command will be obeyed o subset of power relations 3. (a) Coercion  People obey under command because they fear for their person and property, one kind of command relationship (b) Authority  People obey because they believe in the rightfulness in their command  Assent meaning agreement is key difference between coercion and authority o Agreeing in justice, rightfulness in command  Authority is rightful domination, rightful in the eyes of those who are obeying 4. Legitimacy and legitimation  Legitimacy=rightfulness  Process that feeling of rightfulness read Weber 5. The function of authority?  Marx disparaging about authority, is a mask for domination, Marx dismissal about authority  Marx rejection of authority  Authority can have a legitimate place in society , ie. Lord of the Flies, make a case for authority o Quote from conservative sociologist: written before the time of Lord of the Flies, political msg : with authority, counter anarchy, excessive self indulgence, brings a sense of connection to people  Authority has the element of coercion, there is a blurring between where coercion end and rightful authority begin MARX Marx talking about 3 different kinds of phases 1. a relative stability in class relations  those who rule as a class, rule as thinkers, regulate ideas and production of their age  those who have control over means of production also have control over cultural and intellectual production 2. a revolution  In a revolutionary phase, those who lead revolution for a time appear to be the representative of ALL segments of society who are rebelling  Ie. French revolution led by members of the bourgeoisie, their allies consists of French peasantry, urban poor, workers, different social categories ally with bourgeoisie to rebel against old regime; what emerges is set of regimes which uphold bourgeoisie interest FIRST; Yet during the revolution, bourgeoisie turns itself a representation of ALL other segments, because what they have is a common
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