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Lecture 4

SOC203H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Position Paper, Exogamy, Paradigm Shift

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Agata Piekosz

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SOC203 Lecture 4: July 16th 2012
July 19th 10-12
Position paper: inequality/distribution of wealth/ division of labor/ how society is functioning under
inequality/ gender roles
-take a stand (either agree or disagree)
-one theorist
Short film: India untouched
- the only lens (religion) they use to view the world emphasizes on untoucbability and caste system
- Delits ( lower caste) do all the dirty jobs
-the caste system is the core of Hindu religion (for the betterment of the society)
- lower caste has no right
-paradigm shift when they see inequality in education
-economic system and caste system
-collective consciousness cannot be found on urban streets, but can be found while on campus
-endogamy/ exogamy
-priest= influence over others
- symbolic boundary
- Weber is often said to communicate with the spirit of Marx
- certain motives in caste system and connected to power and inequality
- the central question for Weber is often connected to culture
-Why does this cultural context exist and not another one?
-Weber’s perspective:
- there is no absolute objective scientific analysis of culture
-everything we do in culture is subjective, the only way to explain meaning is to define it
- he takes culture (historical process that in time leads to social change and in times reinforces itself) very
-Weber can never predict African American would mean the same thing now compared to before
- how do we know what we know and how do we capture objective meaning
-Weber believes people and society can be made into objective objects, by the use of ideal types
-Ideal types: theoretical/analytical constructs that don’t exists anywhere in the world. We use them to
compare empirical data
-acts like a yardstick against which we can measure differences in the social world
- the ideal types is the objective measure
- As a Weberians, you would come up with the ideal types
you would also use broad historical and cultural trends that already occur
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