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Lecture 5

SOC203 Lecture 5.docx

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Agata Piekosz

SOC203: Lecture 5 th 18 July, 2012 Simmel (1858 – 1919) - Simmel lectured Robert E. Park - Race Relations: Assimilation Theory (Park) - Park has a four- part theoretical construct : contact, conflict, accommodation, assimilation - he conceptualizes the idea of a marginal guy (a man that is caught in two cultures) - Simmel never directly talk about race or inequality, revolution, structural relationship, yet he influences people in thinking about these topics - Simmel focuses on idea and mundane/ social constructs like conflicts - Dyads and Triads - in groups of three, many more things are possible - things that are possible in groups of 3, they are also possible in larger groups - in a group of 3, an authority figure can emerge more dominance, higher inequality - Micro level (does not think that society exists as macro- level structures; rather he argues that society is recreated at the micro-level through the production of social forms) - Simmel focuses on interaction between structures and their effects on people - he is interested in objective culture: alien force that has the ability to affect us - rational choice theory: Simmel - people seek to satisfy their individual drives, value assets and meet those needs - conflict is an important idea and necessary for interaction - conflict is related to our goals - the existence of the possibility of different paths opens up the negotiation of conflict - emotional involvement & transcendent goals - for people to be violent, they need to be engaged - conflict is more likely to happen when the goals are transcended - the goal of the group went beyond daily life goals and the conflict was more likely in the group - like Weber, he is convinced that culture is important; - conflict and money is a social form to Simmel Social Forms - patterned mode of interaction through which people obtain goals. Social forms exist prior to the interaction and provide rules and values that guide the interaction and contribute to the subjective experience of the individual - For Simmel, individuals directly experience society, not through a “collective consciousness”, but through a “collective experience” with a “social form” -he argued individual human do exist apart from society and society exists apart from society Subjective
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