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SOC205H1 (32)
Lecture

SOC205 February s205 feb 14cx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC205H1
Professor
Brent Berry
Semester
Winter

Description
SOC205 February 14, 2013 Alone together – social relationship with others is changing with media, how changing socially how communities chaning, how brains changing focusing on computer change brain sig way – negative aspects of how community is changing. Lots of anxieties and most accounts are negative but much more mixed then that, does highlights benefits it is very pessimistic. Prxomityin social network allow for oppurtinites, debate about what is going on. Some condos have a facebook page. Today – Canadian context but as well as global - Intresting social movements going after 1 percent and recent levels of inequality - Not see mobilization around those issues today - Internet aids mobilization Intro - Scholars of inequality think of absiolute and relative - International context relatively Canada is well off not suffer abosulte disadavtege which is lack of basic ie calories in Canada it is quality - Abs and relative is important why to xontextualize this stuff Photo essay - What are some of the challenges - Contextualize discussion - Better insight - Poverty thried world to poverty inc anada Ways - Challenges are different - Demograoers and others divided is into blocks st rd - Referes to more industrilaie econ high capital intensice in 1 and 3 high levels of pverty less industrialized econ - 2 world major transition like soviet union - Southern hemipsher less developed except nz and aussies - In reality not entire countries but sectors cities and parts of countries What is third world - Poorest nations of the world - Charactize them is in debt to western banks depen international aids - High levels debt strings attached need to reform economies – allow access to economies for multinational coperations and took power and infleucne from local faqrmers and businesses - Depend on more wealthier nations for many things - International aids come with string attached - Now less developed however what means to be developed – skewed by Eurocentric definition to be developed Second and first - Second more advanced somewhat - Term almost dissaperard completely and they develop free market economies hard to create demo gov and well functioning instituins overnight people want power and not want to give it up, lots of corruption - First Pictures - What challenges they face - One point American and western Europe large world pop but has become smaller sliver of worlds pop and rest is poor - Unsafe food for example, tainted oil - Relies on industirial food techniques bad consequencs – sheep proteins to cows caused mad cow disease - Org dominate agriciutlrue more abundance but way distributed is problematic - Growing of food animals or non animals aloow chances for greater contamination – scale increases size of factoreies greater levels of unsafe food potenitalites - What is safe like gmo provide calories useful for growing wolrd pop but what long term effects Air pollution - Rapidly growing cities worse air pollution - Deleivers fast food in china - Coal smoke factory exhaust and automobiles – fine sand blow into beiging annually because of deforestation - Growth of Chinese eco as well other places not right in sustainbale way – agricutlre land to sdeserst in candna and us turn to desert before rehbailiated - Reduction arable land and increase cars problems - Chapter 2 size of largest size of worlds 20 30 million people density of people internal combustion engine and natural resources slots of potential pollution - Toronto poor air quality global context relatively small Aids - Big problem around world - 2004 thai boy contracted from mother - Infection reduced in developed world byt growing in less developed places - A lot of aid has gown to to it but countires still cant afford medications Child labor - Poorest countries high levels of child labor - 80 percent boys - Commission 70 percent child work more then 8 hrs a day - Asia and Africa child labor and 90 percent of child employment - Standards have changed over time Canada and us in industrial revolution was common – child labor age ten working in factoies precedent in our countires as well – pub education not developed in these regions need to change people hearts in minds about labor Industrial pollution - Oil pipe line leaking wetlands near city - Problems in canda - Pollution into water and hard to get out - Soil and underground water absorbed refuse of human activity - Cities many large ones deal with water contamination through industry - Toronto ground field development sites contaminated there have been some try to rehabbilate it - Top soil in disterally district is being rehabilated but is expensive and not been done in every place to rehabilate - Other countries not extensive effort to clean up efforts unless movements not going to happen Unclean water - Not just industrial pollution but human waste shanty towns not infrssatructure sepeating waste from clean water water borne diseases and parasites breed in these spaces - Poor area of Kenyan slum - Greater desnity – engineer wise can do it but no planning or coordination then nothing going to happen How do the challnegs vary in Canada - Reserves problems not urbanized areas but been vigilante in dealing with these epidemics - Infectious diseases worried about - And free flow across borders potenitalies Many same - Overconsumption then underconsumpton - Diseases ass with over consumption - Evolved lived off envi nature provide just enogh tech with urban develop surpluses much food as they want more then need - Levels of overweigh and obsesity quality and portion size - Has societies become weralthier develop lifestyle related problems - Consuming to much of wrong things - Food industry give food that taste good, calorie rich nutrient poor - Tv accentuate what and how much you eat - People spending more time in doors with urbanzition and interiziiton of lives – indoors less active and correlated with density live - Urbanized more and more and contributed t sendenary lifestyle - Places fear of crime more interiorization inequluty works way through inequality - Diseases of affluence – demo transition more affluent die from chronic diseases or affluent diseases – everyone die from something these are more common diseases Reinforcing cycles - How break them up - Poor people and life chances - Soci focus diadvataged the urban poor - Limitng life chances look at where we live - Quality of housing and access to other opp, community strong ties and more mixed income all walks of life – supportive and help with opp - Where you live credit access – discrimination in lending prvent from growing wealth - Have fewer opp in terms of jobs - Low income feedback to invrestemnt in infrastructure – poor not tax base infrastructure help community in long term – gov invest equally does not happen Hogarths painting - Negative sterotype barriers - Result in ill cocnieved social policy blaming the victim - Welfare cheats, - By in large examples of these things people real needs and needs not really aided despite benfits of real urban poor sterotypes still exist - Urban poor drunk and degenerate – and often visible and power of sterotype, visibility and sterotype that lives on Where poor live - From 81 91 to 2001 - Growth in poverty - U shaped pattern around central core – poverty apartment housing social housing - Parkdale, jane and finch and reagent park back to 1981 white low levels of pverty lots of variation - Small pockets of the red - Grow to 1991 to 2001 - 2001 places with red is greater more concentrated poverty - Lot more yellow as while - Poverty dif to measure one measure of poverty Map 1 - 1970 to 2000 and 2005 since then - Census tracts how well these areas done in income change - Change in average indi income - Upper coundary is steeles - Three cities of Toronto - Light blue benified in gloabilztion types of jobs and certain services real estate business done quite well medicine, financial services - Worker in factory or depended other services retail jobs stagnated - Yonge corridor and bloor line to wealthy areas of scarboru and etobickoke – mass transit corridors not lots of disadavteg along subway - Western lay of subway spadina line more mixed - 70 to 2000 and 2005 outlying area the suburbs fourtunes decline - White area buffer around blue - Further from blue not done badly but not greatly plus - 234 cenus tracts - Problem areas in red not well served infrasstrucutally – greatest needs move around ttc areas greatest disadavteg – finch corridor - Could benefit from mass transit infrassturucutyre but at infrastructure disadvantage - Not pedestrian friendly to downtown core – not means to drive selves is at greates disadvatge - Unlike may large area center Toronto very well - Old city Toronto done well, in us suburbs done the best - Above steeles – markahm and Richmond hill well off - Limited to city of tooernto - Inner suburbs but extended lots of affleucne done quite well - Transit and culture insitirtuions and labor markets downtown –
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