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SOC205H1 (32)


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University of Toronto St. George
Lesley Kenny

2 in-class tests - 1 journal TA: Toju Boyo: [email protected] Overview:  “urban”  The sociological imagination  History of the city  2 revolutions: Neolithic and industrial  Their consequences  Finding and reading journal articles What is Sociology?  The study of social power distribution and inequality in institutions, and how they form (education, religion etc.) What is “Urban”?  Population and density  Generally positive Why study “Urban soc”?  3% of the wold’s pop lived in urban areas in 1800s gone to 70% in 2050  The story of civilization is the story of the city and  They history of the city is the history of inequality Top 10 most population 2008 The sociological imagination** develop this into your assignment  C. Wright Mills in 1950s  A way of thinking; a mindset  Where history and biography meet  If something is happening to a large number of people, it is not their doing; but if only one people, it is your fault o When a number of people is unemployed VS only u are unemployed  Private troubles make public issues o Drug abuse: who are the people sell them? Who are the stakeholders? o Homelessness: who put that idea in your head o Plagiarism: lazy, immoral person  what’s going on if plagiarism increases? More competitive – jobs, education  What is happening to the individual, to you, has to do with history, politics, economics and social structure History of the City Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution) 10,000 yrs ago  (Camping analogy!)  Slowly, people started to settle in one area (no longer nomadic)  Learned to grow own food, raise own animals o Food surplus (for first time)  More time for some to do other things, event. Led to tool making, pottery, weaving… (4th mill) th Approx. 4 millennium cont’d  Ppl divided into classes and different occupation  Priests, warriors & self-appointed kings  Trade – which gave rise to:  Merchant class (facilitated exchange of goods) – conflicts, bureaucracy evolve….. The need for clean water, and the treatment of waste disposal (poop)  We cannot live without garbage collectors but not lawyers, doctors  But living closer together, with animals, brought disease  Fighting w/in settlements led to systems of governance, eventually bureaucracy (Weber)  Merchant class (beginning of class-based social inequality) Remember Karl?  Karl Marx (historian
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