2 in-class tests - 1 journal
TA: Toju Boyo: [email protected]
The sociological imagination
History of the city
2 revolutions: Neolithic and industrial
Finding and reading journal articles
What is Sociology?
The study of social power distribution and inequality in institutions, and how they form
(education, religion etc.)
What is “Urban”?
Population and density
Why study “Urban soc”?
3% of the wold’s pop lived in urban areas in 1800s gone to 70% in 2050
The story of civilization is the story of the city and
They history of the city is the history of inequality
Top 10 most population 2008
The sociological imagination** develop this into your assignment
C. Wright Mills in 1950s
A way of thinking; a mindset
Where history and biography meet
If something is happening to a large number of people, it is not their doing; but if only
one people, it is your fault
o When a number of people is unemployed VS only u are unemployed
Private troubles make public issues
o Drug abuse: who are the people sell them? Who are the stakeholders?
o Homelessness: who put that idea in your head
o Plagiarism: lazy, immoral person what’s going on if plagiarism increases?
More competitive – jobs, education
What is happening to the individual, to you, has to do with history, politics, economics
and social structure History of the City
Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution) 10,000 yrs ago
Slowly, people started to settle in one area (no longer nomadic)
Learned to grow own food, raise own animals
o Food surplus (for first time)
More time for some to do other things, event. Led to tool making, pottery, weaving…
Approx. 4 millennium cont’d
Ppl divided into classes and different occupation
Priests, warriors & self-appointed kings
Trade – which gave rise to:
Merchant class (facilitated exchange of goods) – conflicts, bureaucracy evolve…..
The need for clean water, and the treatment of waste disposal (poop)
We cannot live without garbage collectors but not lawyers, doctors
But living closer together, with animals, brought disease
Fighting w/in settlements led to systems of governance, eventually bureaucracy (Weber)
Merchant class (beginning of class-based social inequality)
Karl Marx (historian