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SOC205H1 (32)


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University of Toronto St. George
Lesley Kenny

*Read the syllabus  Why is this 1960s urban sociologist scratching his head? o Concentric Zones and biological aspects o Cities looks more political and a larger number of variety groups  Assumption the Chicago School of how they live in the city: level of playing field o Chicago School: Idea of born with the same status: work harder you’ll get ahead  Compete to get land o Start with advantages: races, class etc.  Gentrification - process and sociological concept: what are the same argument? Site of consumption? Prev Class:  New Urban Soc  Zukin article  Diffs btw Chicago School and NUS  The social production of space Today:  Sociological analysis of “gentrification”  More on the social production of space According to Human Ecology Approach:  $$ strongest group in the city competes & win  Control over prim location  Weaker groups simply had to adjust accordingly  (didn’t explain political tension and things happens recently)  Competition used to explain community structure  E.g., Segregation of particular community (Nature, when earn more money they can get upward mobility)  Thru (ecological) process of invasions/ succession, constant change of land-use patterns Assumption of the NUS 1. Societal interaction is dominated by antagonistic social relationship 2. Social development is unstable in societies with antagonistic owner relationship 3. Power inequality is a basic element in societal relationship a. (political statement) 4. A society must be analysed with ref to its history & global context (Esp. How the global affects the local) New Urban Soc critique of Urban Ecology  How does population growth/ decline affect social organization?  How do demographic shifts affect the functions of the ecology model? (gentrification)  How do new technologies affect social organization  A complex number/ interaction of factors affects change Gentrification: in a positive manner in general  or: The neoliberal restructuring or (reordering) of urban space o social production of space: no space is neutral, people invest things in it What does “neoliberal” mean?  The market (capitalism) determines economic and social policy  Associate with more right of centre government (conservative) and promotion of economic control to private sector  Those with the most money/power make the rules  Now those with most $$ are usually multinational corporations – so decisions based on business model o E.g. health care: public welfare moving into private sector; more about money o E.g. University Education: bookstore, Apple, coffee (research from the big company for the outcome  (Just with business) Gentrification: Ruth Glass, in the 1960s London  The la
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