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SOC205H1 (32)


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Lesley Kenny

Lecture 8 **documentary*** Last Week  Globalization, neoliberal politics and the commodification of urban space, resulting in ,  And increase in world slums and shantytowns Today  Brief history of the ‘burbs  The new urbanism  Cars and suburbia Pictures: a kid playing with a mock lawn machine in the suburb  Social reproduction of gender  Class values system (white)  Lawn is manicure to look after  Homogeneous of housing  No sidewalks What / Where are the Suburbs?  According to Statistics Canada, defined by: o Political/ municipal boundaries o Distance from CBD o Housing density (less density) o Single-family housing Hard to get into a mix use neighbourhood, design to waste space, to give a sense of community (exclusion) Give Social pressure:  A sense of conformity  Competing (keeping with the Joneses?) History of ‘Burbs  Changes in family structure, brought about by the industrial revolution o Manufacturing  home  Post IR, families became a place to focus on relationships, emotion, affection, etc.  Now time together was time away from work  IR: those who could afford to , moved away from dirty, smelly, crowded city centre th  Increasing popularity of the car (late 19 C, early 1900s) meant more people could live in suburbs and work in city  Most suburbs built after 1910  Massive development post WW2 in Britain & US By the 1950s,  “the suburban ideal” had reached its zenith o The 50s suburban - The white middle class  In US – the Gi bill (provided $$ to returning soldiers for education and houses)  Suburban homes a dream for a post-war capitalist economy o Big houses need a lot of stuff to fill them, maintain them, decorate them, etc.  “Keep up with the Joneses” effect The Original “desperate Housewives”!  In the 50s they were working and suddenly housewives responsibility return Housing Sizes by Sq. Ft, avg. N. American Home (from Document)  1950: 800  1979: 1,500  2000: 2,266  Almost 300% increase 50 years Culture of individualism  “the suburban ideal was always and explicitly about guarding against the encroachment of nonfamily members” (Miller, 2995)  People moved to the suburbs to ‘get away’ from particular groups of others – based largely on race/ethnicity and class  E.g. ‘white flight’ in US, mid 20 C  Suburban home place of moral redemption, escape form dangers of the city  Ads for the suburbs stress the ‘privacy’ and ‘security’  Separation between private (‘the family’) and public, civic life  Focus on cleaning & maintaining large home  Developed own codes of behaviour – respecting neighbours privacy and not congregating in front yards or nearby parks or sidewalks  “lifestyle enclave” Suburb Laws:
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