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SOC205H1 (32)


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Brent Berry

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SOC205; Lec2 1/17/2013 10:10:00 AM Paper Assignment  Argumentative or a contested issue  Read a cite scholarly sources beyond the textbook; sometimes theyre are studies cited within the text book  Newyork and the revitalization/urbanization of the city; based on politics; how they changed timesquare from a shitty ass place to one of the biggest tourist attractions in the world  Or Bangladesh; Hatirjheel, Purbanchal city; density in Bangladesh; Zoning issues; lack of restrictive zoning has led to a concrete jungle; lack of roads; poverty has led to widespread migration to the capital Dhaka; leading to slums and oversaturation of people; Policing issues  Industrial revolution and the rise of cities; look at Dubai for example; nomadic culture to a muthafuckin huge asss city; most of the workforce are expats; brown dudes, philipinos and that kind of shit o POLITICAL SLANT-- ECONOMIC RESOURCE- OIL- TIE IT IN WITH ALBERTA OR SOME SHIT- NIGERIA NEW OIL COUNTRY  INCLUDE MAPS, CENSUS DATA or some form of visual shit ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Introduction  Most Canadians live in cities  Two views of cities/ urbanization o Demographic  Size, heterogeneity and density  Change in population and growing in size o Socio-cultural  Cities define people and people define cities  What are Cities? o Cities are factories that churn out culture, resources and creative thought; however not everything is positive. o How does a long term dweller see the city versus the newbie its all subjective someone who lives in a city for a long time grows accustomed to the perks and see it differently, its also different for people based on socio- economic status and what not. o Different people have different perspectives, different views of the city o Competition rather than co-operation; its when o George Simmel psychological impacts of cities; looked at negative consequences of urbanization how overstimulation and lack of contact affects people o German school; linked the forces of capitalism and commercialization with the emergence of cities. Rise of factories displacing small businesses o Ecological approach; concentric zone- chicago; Burgess; particular types of people and behavior can be linked to certain areas of the city; transitional zones; commuter zones etc o City life is experienced differently by people and organized differently whether it be in terms of planning etcc. o INTERNALIZATION: CITY SHAPES US- EXTERNALIZATION; HOW WE PROJECT OURSELVES ONTO THE PHYSICAL ASPECT OF THE CITY o Only 20% of the poplation live in rural areas, 46% of the population live in urban areas The Origin of Cities  Early cities all had a central authority figure, e.g pharaohs, Process of Urbanization Importance of Empire in historical urbanization Importance of agriculture  Was a precursor for moder cities  Stages are o Domestication of plants and animals led to a surplus of food, which allowed the division of labor to become more organic and specialized; people could pursue other things. This also led to a greater hierarchy in society, creation of administrative structures o Social inequality rises with changes in redistribution of food o Hinterlands; an area of land that produces raw materials that help the city operate The rise of manufacturing  Capitalism, Industrialism and the city o Feudal and post feudal period Colonialism and the rise of new Cities  Empires created administrative centres which were the seat of their power in other countries  Served as intermediaries between empire and hinterland  Created social polarity between expatriates and the skilled-semi skilled indigineous people  Ultimately didn’t work very well Contemporary urbanization; is the development of very large cities, in industrialized periphery countries, e.g India, China etc  Why soo much growth o Influx of people striving for more economic oppurtunities o Centres of activity and engines of growth, lots of oppurtunities even though there are a lot of challenges 4 perspectives to study the city  Historical development o How cities develop along with their hinterlands; colonialism, agricultural revolution, industrialism  Urbanisms effect on individual adaptations, behavior and culture o More alienated from the community, people know each other a lot less; Durkheim and anomie, lack of social solidarity o Bystander effect; most prevalent in cities, people see bad things happening but don’t intervene; we are detached living in cities. o We adapt psychologically to things that might make us feel guilty, but we put up barriers and become desensitized o Urbanism is also present in popular culture  Spatial or ecological processes o How do different groups live together and live where they do; Little India, Chinatown o Some reflect choice and also restricted by laws and economic resources  Structural Perspectives o Mechanisms that influence our priorities in cities; how cities are governed and how they interact with each other ---------------------------------- Global restructuring of cities  Current issues Global city Toronto? The importance of the creative classes? SOC205; Lec4; Dynamics of Canadian Urbanization 1/17/2013 10:10:00 AM Elements that influence Urbanization Natural Resources  Nature he
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