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Conflict and Radical Theories nov 21.doc

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William Magee

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Conflict and Radical Theories I. Conflict Theory - It moves away from the individual view of crime and goes towards political and economical view - According to conflict theory capitalist theory o Defines what criminal behaviour is o Create conditions for conduction of crime - this view became popular in 1970 and people started to respond to event that were going on at the time - they borrowed a lot from conflict and Marx A. Overview B. Roots C. Grand Theory: Consensus vs. Conflict Perspectives 1. Assumptions of the consensus model- if change occurs it would be because of catastrophic change, and since moral values are widely shared, the delinquents are not part of the  They say that things are not everything is at equilibrium and they don’t questions the basic underlying assumption 2. Assumptions of the conflict model – they focus on the importance of social change and exercise of power by limited # of individual  Society is held together by the constrain and consensus  Social order is maintained by ruling class  Its in the interest of ruling class no to prosecute the white collar crimes  We must concentrate on the distribution of crime, labels are selectively applied to certain people - Consensus – stability, society is well integrated, all elements have a function, value consensus - Conflict- change, those elements contribute to change, consensus is based on coercion D. Marxist Theory- German, during his life time you see the emergence of western businesses, he has a dilatical theory - He viewed history as trouble between economical classes - But the consequence of that trouble led to better times – slavery  feudalism  capitalism - He also argued that each has its own source of down fall - He thought it also contained weakness that would lead to new form of government - Bourgoscy – the ruler - Prolocariates – they weren’t paid for the labour that they did o Sweat shops in Asia – paid very little to make more profit- make them do as much amount of work o Their labour and talent were sold for very little E. Relevance to Current Research- arose from Maxist 1. Instrumental Marxist- the idea of control experiment, comparing street crimes vs white collar crimes - Jacob- they looked at # of states in US, the greater the gaps between rich and poor, police would act more fiercely where there is poverty - White middle class people are more likely to get police attention if they were victimized then women of minority - Criminal justice system decides what case they are going to spend more time better from them 2. Structural Marxist- laws are passes to ensure long term benefit of capitalist - They would also be interested in charting the violation of criminal law - Tony – child saver – looking at the juvenile courts F. Problems with Conflict Theory - Downs and Rock – important criticism came from feminist – victimization on females are really ignored II. Developments in Feminist Theory A. Overview - Second wave of feminism – broke open due to female offenders and female victimization - There is no one feminist perspective – because the approaches varies, solution and methodology differ - Feminist generally assume that general inequality remains in society and must address it - They differ in their views of where this inequality is located and what should we do to f
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