Class Notes (839,092)
Canada (511,185)
Sociology (3,264)
SOC214H1 (76)
Bonnie Fox (74)
Lecture

SOC214H Lecture 2

3 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC214H1
Professor
Bonnie Fox

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Description
September 17, 2013 SOC214H Lecture 2 Definitions of & Theoretical Approaches to Studying Family - Difference between household and family. Household is a residential unit; it is people who live together. Family often extends to different households - Our class defines family as “people who give support, who provide caring, people you love and they love you also” o Some said blood & marriage aren’t necessary for a family to happen - State says that married heterosexual couples with no children are not a family - Government decided that marriage is not necessary for family Definition - Definition must encompass the diversity of family patterns in Canada today, across cultures and through history - Legal definitions of family matter in Canada because they give us certain rights & responsibilities o I.e. biological parents are responsible for providing necessities for their kids o Consequences: it used to be that single mothers giving birth were pressured by nurses to tell them who the biological father is - Governments have their own interests in defining family o Family definition has expanded more i.e. common law couples are like married couples - Definition based on biology can be problematic - Census family is a couple married or common law, heterosexual or homosexual, and children with both or either (?) - Margrit Eicler’s criticism: it focuses on blood and marriage, doesn’t matter who they are but what they do - A working definition (Luxton & Fox): the social relationships that people create to care for children and other dependents daily and also to ensure that the needs of adults are met - Family isn’t voluntary while friends are voluntary relationships Theoretical Approaches Historical Materialism - Frederick Engels: family as the product of history, socially produced - Karl Marx: on the usefulness of focusing on how people produce their livelihood for understanding family arrangements (or patterns) - In Europe when capitalism was rising and feudalism was falling apart, big mass of people questioning authority and equality. Few people like Karl Marx began studying “the social”, or what we call society o He saw what was injustice and exploitation in economy, and ended up devoting life to analyzing capitalism as economic system o At the same time there was debate about gender that matriarchy was overthrown by patriarchy o Family was product of history, socially produced o Argued we used to live in communal societies, what developed in history was the notion of private property. He assumed men were the ones to own the land and the September 17, 2013 developed a desire to pass on their property to children (son mostly). Men instituted things called monogamy and restrict their sexuality so they made sure their children were their own. This was the start of gender inequality - If you want to understand how a society is organized or changed over time, most important fa
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