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Bonnie Fox (74)

Families in Pre-Industrial Europe

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University of Toronto St. George
Bonnie Fox

SOC214 Oct 11, 2011 Lecture 5 Families in Pre-Industrial Europe -women centred networks >based on exchange of goods and services -in this community, women were to take care of the children -women of this time had a farely steady source of income > social assistance (very low, but stead) -men do not have access to good jobs (60's-70's) due to discrimination, etc -poor African-Americans are no more likely to get extended help from other kins than other middle-class ppl -nannies taking care of children -families in the Filipines are usually separated b.c. the women leaves to work >Canada: programmes to bring women in from Filipines, must work for their employees for 2 years, 2 years of mandatory live in service, then may apply for immigrant status >Italy you can only go in there and work for 7 years then must leave >US after several years you may apply for citizenship -leave Filipines b.c. there is a high unemployment rate -government= poorly run -foreign companies set up contract with Filipino government... usually have them to do jobs that ppl here don't want to do -the outflow of women are way higher than that of men leaving the Filipines -in the Filipines, the mother are responisble for their children and son/daughter are responsible for the elders -result of this immigration... steady and huge amounts of money flowing into the Filipines >working women send back most of their income back to their family >Filipino government mandates women in a working/live-in programme to send back a certain amount of the income back to the Filipines (65%??) -they lose their civil rights -abused -values of collectivism --> women are moving to make money to take care of their family, the grandparents are often the ones taking care of the grandchildren -women have left due to obligations... but secondarily, they were in an awful marriage >another issue was that the men did not feel that they were obligated to take care of their children on a day to day basis -What is necessary to have a nuclear family?? >you need the material conditions, if you don't it makes it hard >good social policies that support family -Filipines is subsidizing Canada... Filipines is paying for the education, then we benefit from the talent Pre-Industrial Eurpe -try to address misconceptions of history -people still worked in agriculture as peasants, produced goods for the market... or artisans, etc| -the work that was done in this period were done in the household... (18th century) I. The change from foraging to simple agriculture, The development of kinship structures that organized society - partrilineages and matrilineages -ppl mvoed from foarging to agriculture >> much less fruitful land, change in weather (worsened) -as gatherers, women would understand how plants grow -keep on the "hoof"... keep your animals alive until you need them -after agriculturing, women moved less... got fatter.. had more kids.. become more dependent on agriculture and can't move anymore -agriculture is way more work than hunting/foraging >day-to-day basis -after ppl start settling down, they become much more formally organized... leadership... >authority is now needed to get work done II, Family in Feudal Englad A. The nobility and the importance of lineage > marriage as an arrangement between lineages >related to each other ... this way the wealth is kept within the family -the casual way of working doesn't work anymore... -kinship becomes the organizing structure of the society > deteremines where you live, what you do, who you can marry -you need relationships between the kinship groups -problem: some lineages may be larger, some wealthier/more successful -continue exchanges are what keeps the lineage groups intact -most important thing that gets exchanged= ppl exchanged tto get married >sometimes women marry out, others, men leave -with the development of wealth, lineages want to perpetuate itself >but when wealth starts to accumulate, they way ppl think start to change... motivations are also changed >control of women starts to become an issue -individual interest start to be less important, the interest of the lineage is what important -Feudal > no central government -medieval times > vast majority are not noble.. they're peasants >serfs, not free individuals -indentures >> serfs are tied to the noble family -marriage = to increase wealth, political connections between two lineages >dowry pay -- land or money >main role for women are to give birth to children to inherit the lineage -when noble women get married, according to British Common Law 12th Century, they lose their legal status... under husband's guardianship... legally women owe their husband obediance -men want to have as many children as possible to build status and wealth... -men were frequently at court, away from estate... the wife then ran the estate -legally women had 1/3 of dead husband's inheritance... sometimes the son inherited everything then the women= under guardianship of the son B. Peasants/serfs: nuclear families, under the power of the manorial lord and immersed in the village community 1. Household: nuclear family plus a labourer
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