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Bonnie Fox (74)

Marriage and Sexuality

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Bonnie Fox

Soc 214 Nov 15, 2011 Test 1 essay question >need for cooperation and sharing among number of adults that's more than 2 -women gatherer, men hunter >will not be able to survive with only 1 gatherer and 1 hunter -uncertainty in hunting, therefore you want more ppl -survival strategy > share/cooperate -foragers live off of resources in the area Question 2 -must start with poverty -poverty = ppl didn't have enough to survive -women could get assistance... stable, but very little -men didn't have stable jobs -giving establishes a reciprocal relationship -Carol stack's > creative adaptation of poverty Question 3 -family economy: working and family= entangled, work takes place in the household -consumption and production must be balanced -late marriage > land is the central environment, boys/men had to wait for their fathers to give them some land, women had to obtain some survival equipment -love couldn't be based on love b.c. Life had to be practical... in order to survive Question 4 -there has to be a continual balancing between household production needs and household composition > producers vs dependents -high mortality rates, once someone dies, they must be replaced asap Lecture > Marriage Marriage >19 century, motherhood became glorified th >20 century, notion that happiness came into play -not only should marriage be based on love Sexuality A. Social factors and forces that shaped what was seen as “normal” sexuality 1) nineteenth-century legislation to equate sexuality with reproduction laws against non-reproductive sex and anti-abortion laws 2) the ideas of “homosexual” and “heterosexual” people, identities, and sexual natures developed in the late 19 , early 20 centuries >sexuality is not a natural product, it's socially shaped th 3) experts promotion of the idea that sex was the “glue' holding marriage tgt (20 century) >talked about women's problems: women “frigidity”, women were expected to be virgins upon marriage... but it was hard for them to be virgins and then exciting overnight -masturbation was talked about in the newspaper as a bad thing -laws mostly aimed at promoting reproduction... sex with the objective of reproduction >contraception was illegal until 1969 >ppl who were deemed to be mental.... 4) Alfred Kinsey on sexual diversity >did a lot of research... had people have sex in his lab and he observed... 5) 1960's: availability of the BCP and the development of a “sexual revolution” -took away relationship of sex and reproduction/ -sex outside of marriage -women started to work II. Marriage A. Trends 1) later age at first marriage: 2004, 28.5 years for brides, 30.5 years for grooms -estimate of 2004, in our cohort, less than half the ppl in our generation will marry (Canada +Quebec) >ppl in Quebec are much, much more likely than any where else in Canada to live under common law instead of marrying >> cohabiting 2) fewer people marrying of living in any heterosexual union -sexuality is under-researched > funding -until the 1970's, marriage as an institution was based on a gender division of work, law governing marriage until the late 70's, saw marriage as an exchange of different things between men and women >the exchange was that a
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