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Lecture on Shibutani and Kwan

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Eric Fong

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November 5, 2012 Sociological Perspective: Shibutani and Kwan – Ethnic Stratification nd 2 Test: -Material will not be cumulative -Vietnamese & South Asians + Assimilations -What are the major points? Know the major points!  Outcomes of assimilation  Race cycle relations?  Different stages of assimilation  Do they really assimilate? Integrate?  * Whether theoretical frameworks can apply to different groups…why or why not? Can the frameworks explain the Asian immigrants’ situations? (Prof wants your own perspective) Introduction -Didn’t get much attention in the 1960s when it was first written -People found their work extremely helpful and gained attention -Why is the article interesting?  b/c of its significant contribution to the field; the authors’ background (both Asians) – very unique thinking about assimilation and integration Assimilation as reducing ethnic stratification  Assimilation: it’s not about integration of minority group into the larger society (as Gordon described). Outcome of integration and assimilation is the reduction of ethnic differences among different groups; ethnic remarks become less obvious. Ecological basis of ethnic stratification  Ecological model embedded in his thinking  Ethnic stratification has ecological basis – the way we think about society is just like ecology in biology (we accomplish equilibrium in the end)  Society is just like a habitat (animals stay in one habitat/place) – subject to biological constraints and limited resources …so they always have to compete; if you do better, you get more resources.  Competition occurs at the group level  The way they see it is macro perspective (how the context affects the group behavior)  Equilibrium is maintained through adaptation o Groups reach equilibrium (they compromise b/c no matter how much time and effort they put, this is what they only can do…) o Reach equilibrium by trial & error Ecological basis of Intergroup Contact  Why do groups change the intergroup contact? o B/c of migration & change in the pattern of land use  Spatial distribution of groups: when new members come in, disrupts the economy; tries to contact the other groups o Migration new people come in and disrupt the equilibrium o Pattern of land use If you move into a new place (the land use pattern has changed), then
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