November 5, 2012
Sociological Perspective: Shibutani and Kwan – Ethnic Stratification
-Material will not be cumulative
-Vietnamese & South Asians + Assimilations
-What are the major points? Know the major points!
Outcomes of assimilation
Race cycle relations?
Different stages of assimilation
Do they really assimilate? Integrate?
* Whether theoretical frameworks can apply to different groups…why or why not? Can the frameworks
explain the Asian immigrants’ situations? (Prof wants your own perspective)
-Didn’t get much attention in the 1960s when it was first written
-People found their work extremely helpful and gained attention
-Why is the article interesting? b/c of its significant contribution to the field; the authors’ background (both
Asians) – very unique thinking about assimilation and integration
Assimilation as reducing ethnic stratification
Assimilation: it’s not about integration of minority group into the larger society (as Gordon described).
Outcome of integration and assimilation is the reduction of ethnic differences among different groups;
ethnic remarks become less obvious.
Ecological basis of ethnic stratification
Ecological model embedded in his thinking
Ethnic stratification has ecological basis – the way we think about society is just like ecology in biology
(we accomplish equilibrium in the end)
Society is just like a habitat (animals stay in one habitat/place) – subject to biological constraints and
limited resources …so they always have to compete; if you do better, you get more resources.
Competition occurs at the group level
The way they see it is macro perspective (how the context affects the group behavior)
Equilibrium is maintained through adaptation
o Groups reach equilibrium (they compromise b/c no matter how much time and effort they put,
this is what they only can do…)
o Reach equilibrium by trial & error
Ecological basis of Intergroup Contact
Why do groups change the intergroup contact?
o B/c of migration & change in the pattern of land use
Spatial distribution of groups: when new members come in, disrupts the economy; tries to contact the
o Migration new people come in and disrupt the equilibrium
o Pattern of land use If you move into a new place (the land use pattern has changed), then