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Lecture 6

SOC201 Lecture 6 note (1).docx

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University of Toronto St. George

SOC201 Lecture 6 note Oct 29, 2012 Religion 1. Hard to specify: - Can it be understood objectively?  Can it be studied scientifically? We are making claims and ought to be shared by others. (observable to everyone)  Can’t be observed and shared by others - What is meant by “religion”?  Human face sufferings and religion provides some solutions. (question of death)  Religion as sacred, profane something outside of everyday life.  What are sacred things different from societies?  Belief in soul, angles, and etc -> no common consent among these phenomena - Can religiosity by measured?  Polytheistic, monotheistic, animalism  Measures with practices -> attending to church for catholic, how often do they walk to the church? The extent to faith and knowing the customs of the religion. 2. The secularization thesis – Peter Berger’s theory  Secularization is similar to profane. Things those are not religious.  The modern world is losing its plausibility. Different religions are losing its capacity to coherence  Religion as becoming more of individual life and secular activities  Modernity means greater exposure of different people and different beliefs. -> ex. Urbanization, globalization, mass media-> living in compact society -> having multiple religions and beliefs amongst people  How could these different values be valid?  New form of social mixing -> people from different religious group marring each other -> Transmission of religious idea  Two strategies are possible – 1. Accommodation -> ex. Marching onwards 2. Entrenchment -> emphasizing the difference from the main institution to the rest of society. -> doomed to failure -> accommodation losing difference -> pure to be distinct -> blur from societies.  If modernity is tendency among secularization, clashes among religions are not dealt as a great issue.  Disenchantment  3. The secularization thesis – some evidence 4. Religion among the Huron: an enchanted world  Author Huron: most of importance is sky. It controls seasons. Religion tended to pervade every aspect of life. 5. Weber on the disenchantment of the world  Science advanced tremendously. People do not know much in which they live in a society. Disenchantment of the world -> science facing opposite to god -> Rationalization of the world increasing use of science is towards
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