SOC201 Lecture 6 note
Oct 29, 2012
1. Hard to specify:
- Can it be understood objectively?
Can it be studied scientifically? We are making claims and ought to be shared by others.
(observable to everyone)
Can’t be observed and shared by others
- What is meant by “religion”?
Human face sufferings and religion provides some solutions. (question of death)
Religion as sacred, profane something outside of everyday life.
What are sacred things different from societies?
Belief in soul, angles, and etc -> no common consent among these phenomena
- Can religiosity by measured?
Polytheistic, monotheistic, animalism
Measures with practices -> attending to church for catholic, how often do they walk to the
church? The extent to faith and knowing the customs of the religion.
2. The secularization thesis – Peter Berger’s theory
Secularization is similar to profane. Things those are not religious.
The modern world is losing its plausibility. Different religions are losing its capacity to coherence
Religion as becoming more of individual life and secular activities
Modernity means greater exposure of different people and different beliefs. -> ex. Urbanization,
globalization, mass media-> living in compact society -> having multiple religions and beliefs
How could these different values be valid?
New form of social mixing -> people from different religious group marring each other ->
Transmission of religious idea
Two strategies are possible – 1. Accommodation -> ex. Marching onwards 2. Entrenchment ->
emphasizing the difference from the main institution to the rest of society. -> doomed to failure
-> accommodation losing difference -> pure to be distinct -> blur from societies.
If modernity is tendency among secularization, clashes among religions are not dealt as a great
3. The secularization thesis – some evidence 4. Religion among the Huron: an enchanted world
Author Huron: most of importance is sky. It controls seasons. Religion tended to pervade every
aspect of life.
5. Weber on the disenchantment of the world
Science advanced tremendously. People do not know much in which they live in a society.
Disenchantment of the world -> science facing opposite to god -> Rationalization of the world
increasing use of science is towards