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SOC218H1 (25)
Eric Fung (4)

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Eric Fung

Lecture 3 Japanese Canadian Community - No Japan town in Canada (ie in Toronto) - there is no Japanese concentrated area - Pre- war Japanese Community - 1637 -> 1868 Tokugawa Shogunate(this family controlled Japan) - death sentence of those who attempted to leave Japan (from Kyoto to Tokyo) - also did not allow the foreigners to enter Japan - some were unfortunate souls made it to North American soil (they were not prepared for this long trip) - there were a lot of ships that were recorded on the coast of North America - 1867 - Meiji restoration - modernization and encouraged students to study abroad - 1884 - mass migration to Hawaii - overseas immigration began - 180 000 Japanese entered Hawaii within next 23 years - moved to the US, Canada, Australia, South America (Peru and Brazil) - 1877 - Manzo Nagano - 19 year old sailor arrived New West Minster, BC - generally migration was modest until mid 1890 -1897-1901 - first wave of migration - more than 15000 arrived - went to US , 1901 - less than 5 000 remained - 1905-1907 - next waive 12 000 arrived - women came in 1908-1928, thus children were born between this time First generation "issei" : Arrived In Canada at the turn of the century Second Generation "Nisei": born during the 1920s and 1930s, adulthood during WWII Current - fifth and sixth generation "gosei" and "rokusei" - usually inter racial marriage rate from 2nd gen and on - In marriage - Japanese male marries some other group - out marriage - Japanese female marries some other group - Issei, nissei, sansei - families who migrated before WWII - Japanese population is a stationary population, they only grow by birth - but since there are a lot of inter racial marriages, the Japanese community are strengthening -Nikei ? 7 Stages of community Development 1) pioneer years (1877-1906) - 1877 nagano first stepped off the boat and was the start of immigration - 30 000 Japanese arrived within 20 years - from Hiroshima, shiga, wakayama and (the western part of Japan) - New comers - young, single, male (main reason for moving is because they are poor) - from economically depressed farming and fishing villages - economic migration - return migration - inherited properties in Japan (1/3 of the population who stayed in Canada became the foundation of the Jap community population) - high rate because - immigration through recruitment - people who arrived in Canada later could rely on their own community for support rather than the government - ex : America- mura and stevenston (BC) 2) Family Formation (1907 -1928) - large influx - Japanese were willing to work longer and harder for less - this threatened the local workers from doing their work for their rates - 1906 US halted Japanese immigration - Powell Street - Vancouver - where the Japanese have congregated before the war - businesses, services, social activities - 1908 gentlemen's agreement - Japan voluntarily limited 400 agricultural workers to Canada - women and children were not included in this quota - Before 1911 (male, migration sojourners) - next 30 years - women migrants - Male order brides - 10 Japanese men for every 1 Japanese women (thus largely a bachelor community) - high birth rates in 1930 was 10 times the rate of the entire population - renegotiated 1928 - 130 people was now allowed to enter the U
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