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Soc218 Lec 2

Course Code
Eric Fong

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Lec 2 Japanese Canadian Community
Japanese Canadian Community
Pre-war Japanese Community
Began at the end of the 19th C
1637 Tokugawa shogunate (1603 - 1868) – passed an edicit
Death sentence of those who attempted to leave Japan
Not allowed to leave the country or interact with foreigners
Some left – sailors
Record: 1834, 1875
Ship racks => ships drifted to North American coast
Pre-War Japanese Community
1867 – Meiji restoration
Encouraged students to study abroad
1884 – mass migration to Hawaii
Overseas immigration began
180,000 Japanese entered Hawaii within next 23 years
Moved to the US, Canada, Australia, South America (Peru and Brazil)
1877: 19 years old sailor – Manzo Nagano – arrived New Westminster, BC
Modest until the mid-1890
1897 – 1901: more than 15,000 arrvied
Went to the US
1901 – less than 5,000 remained
1905 – 1907: nearly 12,000 Japanese arrived
Women came between 1908 – 1928
Children were born between 1908 and 1928
First generation “issei”: arrived Canada at the turn of the century
Second generation “Nisei”: born during the 1920s and 1930s, adulthood during WWII
Current: fifth and sixth generation “Gosei” and “Rokusei”
Distinction b/w people who’s families before WWII
People arrived after WWII called “shinuzusa”
Pioneer Years (1877 – 1906)
1877 Nagano
About 30,000 Japanese arrived within 20 years
– Fs
– Fsf
Young, single male
From economically depressed farming and fishing villages
Economic migration
Return migration
Inherited properties in Japan
Immigration through recruitment
Ex: America-mura and Stevenston
Mura means “village” => America –mura: America Village (fishing village)
Many jobs available in Canada is lumbering, fishing etc. => income 7x more than in Japan
Family Formation (1907-1928)
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