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SOC218H1 (25)
Eric Fong (20)
Lecture 2

SOC218 Lecture 2 (Japanese Canadian Community)

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University of Toronto St. George
Eric Fong

SOC218 Lecture 2: Japanese Canadian Community -For the 1 test:  Don’t need to remember exact number, percentage, or consensus  2 questions to answer Japanese Canadian Community -Their experiences are similar to Chinese community in Canada -You don’t see Japan town usually even in Japanese concentrated area. Why? -Pre-War means WWII -Japanese ruler prohibited foreign travel and national immigration before the end of 19 century -Tokugawa had control in Japan for 300 years -Did not allow foreigners to enter into Japan either -In 1867, Tokugawa government ended and opened their port Pre-War Japanese Community -1877- beginning of Japanese immigration to Canada -One of the difference b/w Japanese and Chinese  age difference between generations -Why we don’t consider Japanese community as large compared to other Asian communities:  Immigration from Japan was a really small number; most of them were born (6-70%) in Canada  High rate of interracial marriage (from second generation and beyond) Pioneer Years -7 stages of community development -Most of them came from western part of Japan along the coastal area (similar to Chinese people); more chance of contact with people from outside -Issei were young, single, and male -Economic migration because my move will help me gain more than the cost of moving -Canadian wages were about 7 times higher than in Japan -The first generation intended to work for short period of time in Canada and intended to go back to Japan; a lot of them went back -Inherited properties in Japan some of their children were entitled to inherit land back in their home country -Usually new comers arrived in Vancouver; employer from will pick them up -Very similar to Chinese pattern the two groups (Chinese and Japanese) arrived similar period of time, so the process of moving is very similar -America-mura= mura means ‘village’; young fisherman arrived in Canada -Maintained their own dialect and culture -Chain migration facilitated people moving from one place to the other country Family Formation -Because US prohibited Japanese immigration to US, large influx of Japanese people into Canada -Powell Street (downtown Vancouver): high concentration of Japanese people (95% of them lived here); was called Nihon-machi? -We only see two Japanese institutions left today: Vancouver Japanese language school and church -Asians were viewed as unassimilatable by the White people; did not have access to certain professions (e.g. pharmacy); hostility against Asians segregated the Asian communities; anti-Asian sentiment reached high point in 1907; heightened fear that BC was run by Asians; Canadian government later sent minister to Tokyo to discuss the situation  Gentlemen’s agreement was signed. People living in Canada were not included Pre-war Families -Before 1911, population expansion was due to migration -These women began arriving in large number; most arrived single and married to men living in Canada (7 women for every 10 men in 1931)  substantial increase of number of Japanese women in Canada -High birthrate during the 1920s. Fertility rate was much higher than the rest of Canada -In 1928, fearing the fast growth of Japanese rdmmunity, Canadian government reduced the number of Japanese allowed to enter into Canada to 1/3 (so now annual
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