SOC218H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: War Measures Act, Ethnic Group, Sansei

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Published on 13 Oct 2012
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SOC218 Lecture 2: Japanese Canadian Community
-For the 1st test:
Don’t need to remember exact number, percentage, or consensus
2 questions to answer
Japanese Canadian Community
-Their experiences are similar to Chinese community in Canada
-You don’t see Japan town usually even in Japanese concentrated area. Why?
-Pre-War means WWII
-Japanese ruler prohibited foreign travel and national immigration before the end of 19th century
-Tokugawa had control in Japan for 300 years
-Did not allow foreigners to enter into Japan either
-In 1867, Tokugawa government ended and opened their port
Pre-War Japanese Community
-1877- beginning of Japanese immigration to Canada
-One of the difference b/w Japanese and Chinese age difference between generations
-Why we don’t consider Japanese community as large compared to other Asian communities:
Immigration from Japan was a really small number; most of them were born (6-70%) in Canada
High rate of interracial marriage (from second generation and beyond)
Pioneer Years
-7 stages of community development
-Most of them came from western part of Japan along the coastal area (similar to Chinese people); more
chance of contact with people from outside
-Issei were young, single, and male
-Economic migration because my move will help me gain more than the cost of moving
-Canadian wages were about 7 times higher than in Japan
-The first generation intended to work for short period of time in Canada and intended to go back to
Japan; a lot of them went back
-Inherited properties in Japan some of their children were entitled to inherit land back in their home
country
-Usually new comers arrived in Vancouver; employer from will pick them up
-Very similar to Chinese pattern the two groups (Chinese and Japanese) arrived similar period of time,
so the process of moving is very similar
-America-mura= mura means ‘village’; young fisherman arrived in Canada
-Maintained their own dialect and culture
-Chain migration facilitated people moving from one place to the other country
Family Formation
-Because US prohibited Japanese immigration to US, large influx of Japanese people into Canada
-Powell Street (downtown Vancouver): high concentration of Japanese people
(95% of them lived here); was called Nihon-machi?
-We only see two Japanese institutions left today: Vancouver Japanese language school and church
-Asians were viewed as unassimilatable by the White people; did not have access to certain professions
(e.g. pharmacy); hostility against Asians segregated the Asian communities; anti-Asian sentiment reached
high point in 1907; heightened fear that BC was run by Asians; Canadian government later sent minister
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Document Summary

Don"t need to remember exact number, percentage, or consensus. Their experiences are similar to chinese community in canada. You don"t see japan town usually even in japanese concentrated area. Japanese ruler prohibited foreign travel and national immigration before the end of 19th century. Tokugawa had control in japan for 300 years. Did not allow foreigners to enter into japan either. In 1867, tokugawa government ended and opened their port. One of the difference b/w japanese and chinese age difference between generations. Why we don"t consider japanese community as large compared to other asian communities: Immigration from japan was a really small number; most of them were born (6-70%) in canada. High rate of interracial marriage (from second generation and beyond) Most of them came from western part of japan along the coastal area (similar to chinese people); more chance of contact with people from outside. Economic migration because my move will help me gain more than the cost of moving.

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