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SOC218H1 (25)
Eric Fong (20)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4 Korean Canadians in Canada.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Eric Fong

SOC218 Lecture 4: Korean Canadians in Canada For test 1: st 1 section – From lecture materials 2 section – From reading materials -Know similarities and differences b/w each group  e.g. 3 similarities b/w Chinese and Korean immigration -Don’t need to write intro/conclusion -Canadian missionaries went to Korea and started building up the relationships -it was very costly to send missionaries  decided that they would bring Korean students to Canada to educate and train missionary campus -the number was very small  in 1950, inly a small group of Korean students (about 100) came to Canada -A lot of Koreans settled in Toronto, instead of Vancouver -Some Korean students decided to stay in Canada and changed their status from visa students to permanent residence status; finished their education in Canada -This group of students became the backbone of the intellectual life of the community -Major movement started in the 1960s -Formalized pragmatic relationship between Canada and Korea; intense personal contact b/w Canadian missionaries and Koreans -Increase in Korean Christian immigrants to Canada in the early 1970s -There’s not much info about Koreans before 1980s because they were very small -group -In 1966, about 100 Korean settlers in Toronto -Changes in the law changed the dynamic of immigration - 27% arrived before 1991 -1991-1995 – 13% -1996-2000– 24% -2001-2006 – -From1991 to 2006, we can see that about 30% arrived during this period -the Korean community was established in a very short period of time -A lot of them were 22-45 years old (a lot of them came to Canada when they were young) -Large proportion of them stayed in Toronto -More than 80% settled in BC/Ontario -New immigrants, other than Koreans also settle largely in BC / Ontario -Many settle in small provinces, too -In 2006, 40% of Koreans were in Toronto and 31% in Vancouver -For Korean Canadians, age 75 or over is only about 2% -15-25 – 20% while Canadian population distribution is 13% -25-34 –similar to Canadian population distribution -The language proficiency:  26% speak English at home  70% speak Korean at home  The language they use at work is English (80%): this means that they’re working in non-ethnic centered workplace  About 83% work in a setting that doesn’t speak English Religions: -60% protestants -24.5% Catholics -Below 5% Buddhists -These percentages reflect the fact that a lot of Koreans came to Canada due to missionaries Income: -Average total income: $23000 -Average Canadians’ income: $48000 -Avg. Canadians earn more than Korean Canadians -Median income of Koreans = $14000: this may mean that few people in Korean community earn a lot and pull up the average -Median income of Canadians=$28000 -Still, Koreans earn much less than Canadians -Reasons why a lot of Koreans are reported as low income families:  A lot of Koreans’ businesses are small in size so they won’t report the income  Family members helping their family businesses will not get any salary so they report nothing Reasons of migration -sense of limited opportunities in Korea – South Korea experienced the major transformation from agricultural society to industrial society (by 박정희); initiated economy development program; U.S. spent 4.5% of US$ on South Korea; large migration from rural areas to urban areas especially Seoul  more labour
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