soc218 - vietnamese
- saigon is the capital city of south vietnam
- renamed it after war, became fuchimin city.
- 1975: the fall of saigon
- panic efforts to leave the country
- refugee wave, sea, air, land escape.
- difficult trip, pirates, shortage of food, no modern technology to aid
- south vietnam fell to north vietnam troops
- saigon city is renamed.
- US government had a little help with their escape
- immigration waves
- first wave: 1950s and early 1960s
- canada, due to humanitarian reasons accept vietnamese immigrants.
- long process of acceptance, had to look through list of names in every
- but not all are directly from vietnam, some from other asia countries
(refugee camps) as they have first fled to that country before canada.
- first wave
- most of immigrants are students (quebec), montreal, as they have affiliation with
french language as vietnam was a colony of france previously.
- second wave 1978-1992
- boat people
- entered canada in montreal, toronto, calgary, edmonton, vancouver
- professional, bureaucrat, military related, educated background, slightly wealthy,
members of the catholic church
- why people leave?
- internal reasons
- terror and imprisonment, fearful that their properties will be taken away,
personal safety is insecure
- collective land policy is belonged to government, no individuals anymore,
land is taken away. communist government wanted to build a model
economy. - rural area works, many south vietnamese were force to work
there, bad conditions.
- after fall of saigon, and US lost the war, major consequence to american foreign
- US have a trade embargo imposed on vietnam after the war.
- not allow trade with them.
- very difficult for new vietnamese government to rebuild after the war,
hence have a very poor economy.
- there is drought, shortage of food. life is miserable.
- pushing people to leave the country.
- believes moving away are more beneficials than staying.
- characteristics of vietnamese refugees
- sub ethnic groups
- included vietnamese, viet-chinese. have a more diverse ethnic background.
- as there were migration among people within asia.
- acceptance in canada, canada has the responsibility to help refugees to find their other
- as refugees first enter canada, they enter small towns and refugee camps, eventually
moving to the larger cities.
- most of the boat people, compose of 2 major ethnic groups
- chinese vietnamese, and pure vietnamese
- the first wave are mostly with chinese background