SOC218 lec 4
#korean canadians in canada
- first contact of Koreans with canada was at the end of the Choson (yi dynasty) period
- missionaries relationship
- all of them were not perminent residents
- number was very small
- first korean settled in toronto in 1948
- mission-sponsored students
- those who stayed and return back to canada became institutional leadership in
- they decided to stay due to changes made to policies in canada
- informal relationship: missionary work
- after 1960s
- 1963, korea opened a mission in ottawa
- 1973, canadian embassy opened in seoul
- due to this formalized relationship between the 2 countries catalyzed the
influx of christian koreans into canada.
- though, numbers were limited
- students ->permanent resident status
- work permit -> immigrants
- 1970s there was a change of immigration law
- really changed the dynamic of immigration flow
- most of the koreans settle in ontario, toronto.
- particularly, the age groups of koreans are quite young, as most immigrants
who enter canada were in their early adulthood.
- at home, 80+% speaks korean
- at work 80+% speaks english
- indicating that they work in a integrated canadian market environment
- average total income is much lower for koreans than canadians (20000-38000) - but through the use of median calculations, it indicates that there are some ko-
reans who have good jobs and good pay.
- characteristics of recent immigrants
- urban background, as they were mostly middle class
- high level of education, middle class
- language barrier, not much as they were middle class who are educated
- christian church: important role in korean community.
- there is high rate of entrepreneurship