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Lecture 4

Week 4 – Western& Wright Notes.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC220H1
Professor
Josh Curtis
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 4 – Western & Wright Notes Horizontal mobility – movement from one position to another within the same social level, as changing  jobs without altering occupational status OR moving between social groups having the same social status Vertical mobility – movement from one social level to a higher one (upward mobility) or a lower one  (downward mobility) as by changing jobs or marrying THE PERMEABILITY OF CLASS BOUNDARIES TO INTERGENERATIONAL MOBILITY AMONG  MEN IN THE UNITED STATES, CANADA, NORWAY AND SWEDEN Abstract • Purpose: how does intergenerational class permeability vary for men across four capitalist  economies (USA, Canada, Norway, Sweden)? • Analyzed permeability across three types of class: property, authority, and expertise Conclusions: • Authority boundary is the most permeable in all four countries • In the North American countries, patterns of class boundary permeability reflect neo­Marxist  conceptualizations: o Most permeable to least: authority, expertise, property o In the Scandinavian countries (esp. Sweden), property and expertise are equally  permeable • Class boundary between workers and capitalists is less permeable than an additive model would  suggest A) In the North American countries, patterns of class permeability are similar to patterns of  friendship permeability and cross­class marriages;  B) In the Scandinavian countries, patterns of class permeability differ from friendship and  marriage patterns  Introduction • static permeability – patterns of social ties between people in different locations within a social  structure o e.g. cross­boundary patterns of neighbourhood composition • dynamic permeability – the ways in which biographical trajectories traverse different locations  within social structures o e.g. Inter/intergenerational social mobility, as well as geographic migration to different  social contexts; ‘salad­bar’ ethnicity o situations with high degrees of interracial, interethnic, or interreligious marriages and  friendships may contribute to low levels
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