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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 Foucault

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University of Toronto St. George
Lesley Kenny

SOC 220 Social Inequality In Canada Lecture 4 Oct 5th, 2011 Last week -traditional soc. ideas of inequality: >Marx and Weber (cont'd) >strutural functinolaism Contemp. Ideas of Inequality: >Foucault's idea of power >particular discipline through surveillance >"power is everywhere and nowhere" Test is in two weeks, in this room, 35% -Foucault on power (the not-so-speedy vs wherein your heads do not fall off and you are not obsessed with the time!) -Pierre Bourdieu >habitus and social capital Race/ethnicity and inequalities in Canada -Marx (class) and Weber (status) -compared idea of class to stratificaiton >both of these are ways of analyzing, measuring, assessing where people/groups are in the social pecking order (e.g. Porter's Vertical Mosaic) -Structural functionalism (won't be A LOT of this on the test, but a few) >idea of each person having their own function to make society "work" -how "globalization" requires complex theorizing (e.g. of CDN mine in Guatemala) -Foucault's ideas of power (Bentham's panopticon; the gaze; disciplinary practices) -power is everywhere and nowhere.. -power/knowledge Foucault -"power is everyehwere and nowhere" -power of the gaze -Jane Jacob (eyes on the street) -micro technologies of power -all the not-so-obvious ways we dominate each other and groups -was partic interested in language, and taxonomy >most common way people classify people: survey type questions --> -critique: narrow choices then the choices were gathered into broader categories -Distinctions: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste -your tatste in clothes/art/etc... doesnt mean anything... your class determines your taste -habitus -social and cultural capital Habitus -mental, cognitive structure used to deal with the world -all the social reasons, big and small, that orient you to life -internalized social structure: reflects class, age, race/ethnicity, gender, etc -develops over time and linked to historical context Critique of Habitus -deterministic Social Capital (social = ppl capital= wealth, assets, resources) -who you know, matters -used in network analysis Critique of Social Capital -but how do you know, whoyou know in the first place? >family, school, -class reproduction Cultural Capital -have you ever pretended to know something?? -you don't want to be/seem inferior therefore you pretend -how much you know about your cutlre/s -the more you know, the higher your status -middle class girls do better in school -PB talks about MC langauge, girls fitting into the school system, etc (in SOC as a Marical Art) -e,g, in Woody Allen movie "Manhattan" Critique of Cultural Capital -e.g. of early IG tests (
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