SOC 220 Social Inequality In Canada
Lecture 4 Oct 5th, 2011
-traditional soc. ideas of inequality:
>Marx and Weber (cont'd)
Contemp. Ideas of Inequality:
>Foucault's idea of power
>particular discipline through surveillance
>"power is everywhere and nowhere"
Test is in two weeks, in this room, 35%
-Foucault on power (the not-so-speedy vs wherein your heads do not fall off
and you are not obsessed with the time!)
>habitus and social capital
Race/ethnicity and inequalities in Canada
-Marx (class) and Weber (status)
-compared idea of class to stratificaiton
>both of these are ways of analyzing, measuring, assessing where
people/groups are in the social pecking order (e.g. Porter's Vertical Mosaic)
-Structural functionalism (won't be A LOT of this on the test, but a few)
>idea of each person having their own function to make society "work"
-how "globalization" requires complex theorizing (e.g. of CDN mine in
-Foucault's ideas of power (Bentham's panopticon; the gaze; disciplinary
-power is everywhere and nowhere..
-"power is everyehwere and nowhere"
-power of the gaze
-Jane Jacob (eyes on the street)
-micro technologies of power
-all the not-so-obvious ways we dominate each other and groups
-was partic interested in language, and taxonomy >most common way people classify people: survey type questions -->
-critique: narrow choices then the choices were gathered into broader
-Distinctions: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste
-your tatste in clothes/art/etc... doesnt mean anything... your class
determines your taste
-social and cultural capital
-mental, cognitive structure used to deal with the world
-all the social reasons, big and small, that orient you to life
-internalized social structure: reflects class, age, race/ethnicity, gender, etc
-develops over time and linked to historical context
Critique of Habitus
(social = ppl capital= wealth, assets, resources)
-who you know, matters
-used in network analysis
Critique of Social Capital
-but how do you know, whoyou know in the first place?
-have you ever pretended to know something??
-you don't want to be/seem inferior therefore you pretend
-how much you know about your cutlre/s
-the more you know, the higher your status
-middle class girls do better in school
-PB talks about MC langauge, girls fitting into the school system, etc (in SOC
as a Marical Art)
-e,g, in Woody Allen movie "Manhattan"
Critique of Cultural Capital
-e.g. of early IG tests (