Class Notes (808,147)
Canada (493,093)
Sociology (3,199)
SOC243H1 (60)
Lecture 4

Lecture 4.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto St. George
William Magee

Lecture 4 1. The macro context of medicalization & demedicalization Macro processes, political economy, interest groups ,social conflict, social control Medicalization Lay public experts Health/illness bodies Pratices experiences How does science and medicalization change over time Focus on institutional medicalization A process whereby more and more of life comes to be of concern to the medical profession within institutions controlled by medial professions Medicalization expands through 2 insitituitional components (a) retention of control over certain technical procedures by the profession of medicine (b)retention of control over access to the profession(e.g.through licensing&schooling) People become more and more attached to the institution Change in conceptual medicalization results in change in institutional medicalization Conceptual/definitional medicalization Text: the process through which a condition of behavior becomes defined as a medical problem, or though which the definition of an illness is broadened Zola: the expansion of what in life is deemed relevant to the good practice of medicine Defining a problem(form of deviance) in medical terms,…developing arguments and evidence that a social problem should be considered a medical problem Current(late modern)contestation around medicalization-demedicalization Anecdotal evidence suggests in late modernity,lay publics have become increasingly skeptical of claims of experts Questioning of authority Associated with rise of”postmodernism”- many knowledge claims are perceived as “undecideable”, and what is considered knowledge is understood as “determined by the play of power” The idea of progress is questioned Legitimacy claims of business,professions,governments are more often contested Claims to safety of efficacy of technologies challenged by consumer groups,NGOs,etc. In public debates calculations and appeals to rationality are often rumped by feelings,appearances Public concern with risks and allocation of risks can shift consumption practices, even in the absence of government action, or counter to government paternalism 2. the convergence of forces:political,economic,technological,media,&moral In an extraordinary short period of time, the relatively small and undifferentiated market of “health care”became of intense object of capital and in doing so became higly diverisified and even more heterogeneous(Fred Hafferty) “..novels.” claims&realities%Ambiguities Much more is claimed than is actually known… most diseases can be managed,not cured…patients are misled by distorting media hype(Kleinman&Hanna) Pharmaceutical determinism: the existence and success of a medication for a condition is used to argue for the biological existence of the condition Different capitalism around medicine is different capitalisms in general More imperatives&Biocapitalism New forms of biovalue New techonologies allo
More Less

Related notes for SOC243H1

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.