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SOC246H1 (58)

Lecture 3

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University of Toronto St. George
Markus Schafer

Lecture 2 Cont next class Four principles of the life course Glen Elder 1999Life course Emphasize the process of agingseries of pathways that people take through life and are influenced by the place in history their place in society their own decision and earlier events The imagery or model of Life courseseries of trajectories that happen through life transitions and turning point Transitions or turning pointconsequential outcomes in peoples life can create positivenegative qualitative change in peoples lifeGlen Elder caught on of this ideas and formalize them in the life course perspectives In the early 1970s Glen Elder goes to California and finds studies that monitor the growth and development of children during the 1920s Children of the great depression 1974 A study of the records on the normal rate of development for children done in 1920s1930s Followed and trackedthe kids for a long period of time a longitudinal studyability to observe change over time There were 2 cohorts of children that he came across in the 1920s1930s 2 birth cohorts Great depression hits this2 different cohorts at different time in the life of the kidsOakland Growth study birth cohort 19201930Older kids by the time of GD They were old enough to serve WWII Berkeley Guidance studybirth control 19281929 There were just infants whengreat depression occur Younger kids that experience those kind of event By the time of the WWII didnt even graduate from high school Elder found that this younger cohort they were more influence negatively by this events that the Oakland cohort Because they were so young when the GD occur they were subject to a number of changes happening in their household Berkeley cohort were only teenagers during that time tend to have empty household theirs mothers had to leave home and workwas not that common in those days Time Strain Younger children being exposed to this household conditions Oakland cohort had more opportunity to get higher education when they returned from military because of the GI billallowing to get an education when coming back form the army an opportunity that the Berkeley cohort didnt have Because they were not old enough to serve WWII By getting out of the countrygaining more skills and experiences over people that were not able to go overseas Exposed to skill training on the job of military engineering etc Lots of opportunity provided to those one in the army to get way from the financial and economic problemsBerkeley cohort were more at risk with drinking problems marital conflict less confident about their future
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