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Lecture

Feb 28

3 pages24 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC246H1
Professor
William Magee

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SOC246 Y1 Y
Feb 28 2011
Week 7
i. Older people in Pro- Modern and Pre- Industrial Societies
- As people age, their ability to work declines, therefore there resources decline
- Older people who could not work were encouraged to make decisions to leave the
societies
- Sometimes the group would withdraw support and abandoned them
- Materialist explanation^^
o Resources dictate the position of the elderly societies
Agricultural/Pre-industrial Societies
- P[}]]vZ]}v}(v]}v-states and laws around inheritance
o Eg. Land
- Z]uv]}]oZ}µPZZvu]]}v}(}Ç}}v[Z]t ex.
Primogeniture (the oldest son gets everything)
- The text notes that in cases of primogeniture the parents still get a house on the side of
something
- In British/North American societies t wills and inheritance disenfranchised women
o ^}v}o(}uZPÀ_
o Applies in Canada up through the 1850s
- What happens to the elderly
o People in community are paid by the local community to take on the elderly
boarder
- Deserving and undeserving poor
o British poor law (1601) established a system of local government and local
responsibility for the deserving poor
The deserving poor are lame, the old, the blind and the widowed
Those able-bodied are the undeserving poor
- Slaves
o The value of slaves declined with age and generally became negative after age
75
o Owners would sometimes free a slave so as not to have to provide food,
clothing, housing and medical care
o Law passes in 1782 to forbid emancipating slaves over age 45
o Industrialized north vs. Agrarian south
South used slaves because of farms
o Old people discriminated within the ne industrialized process as well because of
the need for retraining
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