SOC250Y1 Lecture 13: SOC250Y1Y-LECTURE-13-2016

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Published on 10 Feb 2017
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SOC250Y1Y)LECTURE)13)–)2016/2017)
Max$Weber$)$the$Historical$Sociology$of$the$World$Religions:$!
!Connection$between$Protestantism$and$capitalism.$STOPPED$AT$APOCASTALIC$SOMETHING$$
!$WEBER$IS$IMPORTANT.$$
!Mass$religiosity$vs$heroic$religiosity.$There$are$very$few$individuals$that$can$be$considered$historical$
significant$figures.$Most$people$are$satisfied$with$everyday$religion.$In$mass$religion$people$attain$
their$spiritual$needs$throughout$other$people.$You$don't$need$to$be$pure...$$
!The$virtuoso$type$need$to$feel$that$holiness$within$$
!He$believes$that$religion$is$defined$by$the$divide$between$the$CREATORS$AND$THRE$CARRIERS$$
!Founders$or$reformers.$They'll$come$from$heroic$type$of$religiosity.$But$they$can't$influence$unless$
they$have$followers.$The$CARRIERS$$Take$on$the$message$and$spread$it.$If$this$doesn't$happen$then$
they'll$simply$be$a$minor$footnote$in$history.$$$
!There$will$always$be$tension$between$tradition$and$charisma.$Most$people$just$subscribe$to$it$
through$socialization$without$question.$$$
!One$of$the$most$powerful$forces$against$tradition$is$charisma.$The$person$challenges$it$and$then$
they$have$charisma$to$get$people's$attention.$$$
!If$the$tradition$fails$then$that$charisma$is$defeated$by$failure;$if$the$tradition$doesn't$deliver$then$
people$will$lose$faith.$$$
!Charisma$will$generally$not$appear$unless$tradition$is$eroding.$$$$
!In$order$for$charisma$to$be$continuously$successful$it$needs$to$be$stabilized/captured.$REFER$TO$
HANDOUT.$$
Convert$Types:$!
!The$converters$are$sociologically$and$psychologically$diverse.$$
!The$sociohistorical$context$is$also$different.$$$
!S$curve$$
THE$SECT$CHURCH:$!
!Religious$movements$are$oriented$to$different$types$of$membership$and$self$understanding.$There's$
different$degrees$of$understanding$and$how$do$you$examine$that?$$
!The$people$who$join$are$looking$for$something$more$then$their$current$tradition$offers.$When$you$
get$enough$people$together$from$their$own$desire,$they$form$a$SECT.$$
!They$view$themselves$as$though$they've$been$selected,$and$they$feel$charismatically$qualified$and$
demand$a$lot$from$each$other.$They're$expected$to$involve$themselves$heavily$in$the$life$of$the$sect;$
"don't$participate$in$the$outside,$you$left$it$behind"$$$
!Visible$community$of$saint$$
CHURCH:$$!
!The$power$is$in$the$structure$itself$$
!The$holiness$is$in$the$power$of$the$organization$$
!Church$is$a$school$for$sinners.$The$idea$that$you'll$be$educated$out$of$your$sins,$the$church$tries$to$
continuously$make$you$better.$$
!"church$is$a$hospital$where$we'll$try$to$heal$you,$the$door$is$always$open"$$
!As$long$as$you're$a$good$standing$member$of$the$church$then$you'll$be$saved,$you$don't$need$to$be$
pure$$
!The$sect$is$the$opposite,$you$need$to$be$pure.$$
!New$movements$usually$begin$in$a$sect$style$but$if$they're$going$to$survive$then$it$needs$to$bring$in$
more$religious$types,$and$to$do$that$you$need$to$lower$the$standards.$$
!As$they$keep$letting$in$new$people$then$what$will$happen?$The$people$that$are$true$believers$in$
their$faith,$are$not$going$to$be$happy$when$people$that$are$doing$less$are$getting$the$same$results.$
The$successful$sects$will$trigger$a$backlash$within$by$the$more$virtuoso$types.$$$
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