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Lecture

February 15.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC250Y1
Professor
Joseph Bryant

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February 15, 12
John Paul II
- 1) G-d is the infinitely good and merciful Father. But man,
called to respond to him freely, can unfortunately choose to reject
his love and forgiveness once and for all, thus separating himself
for ever from joyful communication with him. It is precisely this
tragic situation that Christian doctrine explains when it speaks of
eternal damnation or hell. It is not punishment imposed
externally by G-d but a development of premises already set by
people in this life. The very dimension of unhappiness which this
obscure condition brings can in a certain way be sensed in the light
of some of the terrible experiences we have suffered which, as is
commonly said, make life “hell”. Broke with historical tradition
(hell and the devil)
- …The state of those who definitively reject the Father’s mercy, even
at the last moment of their life. definition of hell
- 2. To describe this reality Sacred Scripture uses a symbolic
language which will gradually be explained. In the Old Testament
the condition of the dead had not yet been fully disclosed by
Revelation. Moreover it was thought that the dead were amassed in
Sheol, a land of darkness, a pit from which one cannot reascend, a
place in which it is impossible to praise G-d. Neutral death idea.
- The New Testament sheds new light on the condition of the dead,
proclaiming above all that Christ by his Resurrection conquered
death and extended his liberating power to the kingdom of death.
- Redemption nevertheless remains an offer of salvation which it is
up to people to accept freely. This is why they will all be judged “by
what they have done”. Presents the place destined or evildoers as
a fiery furnace, where people will “weep and gnash their teeth”-
permanent settlement
- “pool of fire” – Whoever continues to be closed to the Gospel is
therefore preparing for “eternal destruction and exclusion from the
presence of the Lord and from the glory of his might”.
- 3. The images of hell that Sacred Scripture presents to us must be
correctly interprested. They show the complete frustration and
emptiness to life without G-d. Rather than a place, hell indicated
the state of those who freely and definitively…
- 4. People who go against G-d are demons.
- Eternal damnation remains a real possibility. The thought of hell
and even less the improper use of biblical images must not
create anxiety.
- Concludes Hell is a place of eternal torment in the Pope’s view –
people who do not follow, they chosen to separate from G-d the
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