Class Notes (837,821)
Canada (510,500)
Sociology (3,261)
SOC250Y1 (69)
Lecture 8

SOC 250 Lecture 8

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Joseph Bryant

SOC 250 Lecture 7  Assyrian Law on Rape o If married man rapes a virgin, the father of the virgin shall take the wife of the rapist and giver her to be dishonoured and shall take her o Raped virgin will be given to rapist as spouse  Law on Veiling o Neither wives nor widows nor daughters shall have their heads uncovered o A harlot must not veil herself, her head must be uncovered if she violates this law, they shall flog her fifty times and pour pitch on her head  Feminists emphasize two major points o The major religious traditions of today emerged, historically and culturally, within patriarchal societies. They are thus both complicit with and integral to the maintenance and reproduction of Patriarchy  All traditional religious variously establish an preach the „inferiority‟ of the female  All call for the necessary subjugation/subordination of women to men o As a consequence of Patriarchal arrangements, women are systematically discriminated against in religious life  Female ritual functions are typically domestic rather than public  Females are often physically segregated (time and place) within sites of worship  Females are commonly required to undergo special purifications following menstruation and childbirth  They are typically excluded from official roles and authority positions or consigned to subordinate roles within a religious order or tradition  The primary or dominant deities are typically masculine  Sacred myths and scriptures commonly denigrate or blame females for humanity‟s troubles  A central point on patriarchy is historical o The Mother Goddess thesis: “when god was a woman”  The historic decline of female metaphysical power: from the paleolithic-neolithic “Mother Goddesses” to polytheistic pantheons that elevated male war and storm gods and marginalized female deities  The rise militaristic states and empires c. 3 000 BCE and the growing ascendancy of war/storm gods  But claims of a widespread Mother Goddess period or that “matriarchy” prevailed are now widely rejected by archaeologists and historians o Laws of Manu st  Codified in the 1 century CE=the First King and Sage who saved humanity from the great flood=a sacred law code  It is the very nature of women to corrupt men here on earth  A girl, a young women, or even an old women should not do anything independently, even in the house  In childhood a woman should be under her father‟s control, in youth under her husband, and when her husband is dead, under her son‟s control. She must never seek to live independently  A virtuous woman should constantly serve her husband and submit to all his wills and desires, even if he is bad o Jain scriptures  The world is greatly troubled by women  For men do say :these are the vessels fo happiness”  But this leads to pain, to delusion, to death, to hell  And to birth as hell-beings or as brute beasts o Bible  Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and they conception in sorrow thou shalt bring fort children, and they desire shall be to they husband, and he shall rule over thee o Simone de Beauvoir  Man enjoys the great advantage of having a god endorse the code he writes, and since man exercises a sovereign authority over women it is especially fortunate that this authority has been vested in him and the Supreme Beings. o Men write the texts  Input patriarchal beliefs into the texts  MalleusHexenhammerhammer against witches o A practical manual to combat heresy and witchcraft  Written by two German Dominican monks who served as inquisitors of the Catholic Church, received papal approval, but eventually the Church condemned the book in 1667  Went through numerous editions between 1487 and 1669 and spread widely throughout Europe played a conscious role in the so-called “witch Craze” of this era and the deaths of thousands of women who were burned or drowned or tortured to death  Scholarly estimates 100 000 trials, roughly 15 000 documented executions, with extrapolations ranging from 40 to 100 00 total dead  80% of the accused were female  The Malleus draws
More Less

Related notes for SOC250Y1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.