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Bonnie Fox (30)

SOC265 Lecture 2

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Bonnie Fox

JAN, 17 2013 SOC265 Lecture 2 The Sexed Body: Biology and the Question of Difference: Sex and the Sexed Body - The standard of living we have in Canada is depended on the standard living of the rest of the world (poverty) - Biology is given by nature, while gender is socially created, and the way you were treated socially shapes you - Biology determines gender? - Bodies are not just given, they are social processes and behaviours shapes it - Nature does not give us binary sexes (intersexes, not distinctly male or female) - Through life there are those that lived as either male or female, ‘third gender’ 1. Male and Female Bodies: The Sexed Body as a Biological “Given” or as Entangled with & shaped by the social? a. Thomas Laqueur, Making Sex – on the history of our assumptions about the sexed body  The One-Sex model (1870s ended) 1. Women as inferior men; essentially the same model  Male and females had the same bodies  Greek culture women were seen as the same as men but lesser to some degree  Women are all inside and upside down  “Vital heat” was the main importance  Gender as ‘given’ by nature and sex as social or changeable  gender is natural, given at birth  social and changeable, bodies were adaptations of your social role  Myths, people decide to change their gender roles and their bodies change  Slaves, both male and females were treated the same, thought of them as neutered  The way people thought about sex was that it reflected peoples social roles, sex was social, gender was natural and given.. but why? Patriarchal, around division of labour, reflected the societal opinions about gender  We always interpret gender through a biological lens  Ideas change when social change happens=- 2. Patriarchal societies  The Two-Sex model (late 1700) 1. Women and men as different 2. Sex as ‘given’ by nature and gender as social or changeable  Biology becomes to be the foundation of differences in gender JAN, 17 2013 3. A response to revolutionary ideas challenging inequality (late 18 century)  Because of the differences, this produces gender inequality  Feminist protest for education opportunity but they assumed that higher education would damage their reproductive system  They are different because of their biology  Third when three races develops, Caucasians, Africans and Orientals (feverish slave trade at the moment), can treat them differently because of their differences in race  Economic changes, societal changes, capitalist economy  How models (or stories) of sex are shaped by assumptions about gender, and reflect and support unequal social arrangements  Our conceptual of sex are shaped by our assumption in gender  Usually determined by status quo  When we look at biology we are seeing it through a cultural lens  Today’s medical stories about male/female bodies: told through the ‘lens’ of gender (reflect
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