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SOC265H1 (64)
Bonnie Fox (30)

SOC265 Lecture 1

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University of Toronto St. George
Bonnie Fox

JAN, 10TH 2013 SOC265 Lecture 1 Introduction 1. Considering Gender Differences Over Time a. The “Bad Old Days”- the 1950s i. Clothing styles : uncomfy for most women, no jeans, girdles, 3” heels with pointed toes, deformed their feet over time, endured horrible things to get “puffy hair” ii. Sexual expression: not okay for girls outside of marriage, ruining their reputation/pregnancy (1964 birth control), contraception was womens responsibility, if pregnant dropped out of school, sent away, could risk not even seeing the child iii. Employment (sex segregation, ‘marriage bars’, earning gaps): job postings were segregated, jobs were highly segregated, “marriage bar”: women married has to quit their jobs (teaching), married at a young age (took husbands last name), had children right away, had to stay home full time, women that were in the labour, their child would be delinquent (earned about 60% of what men earned) iv. Responsibility for housework and child care: men were expected to do the earnings (high risk of health impacts, heart attacks), wives given allowance for groceries v. Emotional display: men were expected to be stoic, vi. The meaning of violence against women: not seen as a problem “their business”, early 1970s sexual harassment came into context, vii. Media images ***The position of women relative to men has changed b. Evidence of change over time i. Clothing styles: incredibly loosened up, variety, high heels are back though, expectations of body image has changed, models are getting thinner, plastic surgery, most girls under 12 are on diets ii. Education: more university degrees than guys, more similar expectations to guys, M.A’s, PHDs similar count for men and women, individuals are still majoring in different fields, 1999-2000 undergrad engineers/compsci 21% women, 2008-2009 fewer than 17% were women, was not okay to be a smart women back then iii. Employment: majority of Canadian women are in the labour force to stay, not a change of colour (African women 20 century were in the labour force already), a change for middle class women, women are now in jobs that were formally for men iv. Expectation about housework and child care: expected that if women are in the labour force, their counterpart will be responsible for child care, hiring of nannies/babysitters v. Sports: opening possibilities of women playing sports now, funding for women sports at lower levels vs. mens sports (training, competitions) JAN, 10TH 2013 vi. Emotional display: men are crying in public more (more acceptable), young boys are still subject to constrain, more acceptable to gay,
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