Karin Martin, In what ways were the girls being treated differently than the
how they use their bodies -- it ‘genders’their bodies – and it influences their beha
The teacher treated boys and girls somewhat differentlyboys and girls react diff
erently Girls were more likely to be reprimanded than the boys when they were n
ot behave as what the teacher has told or yelling
Girls were more likely to obey than boys-girls learn you get positive feedback if o
Girls were more constrained
Judith Lorber argues that gender is an “institution.” What does she mean?
gender is one of the major ways that human beings organized their lives.
The process of gendering and its process are legitimated by religion, law, science,
and the society’s entire set of values.
Gender, family, kinship and division of labor-social institutions
Gender has functions
Give us particular roles
Women are subordinate than men
Gender is an idea that build into institution in the society
E.g. family, especially nuclear family form around the idea of gender differences
What does this institution accomplish, according to Lorber?
Gender as process, stratification, and structure
Process—gender creates the social differences that define “women” and
Stratification—gender ranks men above women of the same race and class.
Structure—gender divides work in the home and in economic production,
legitimates those in authority, and organized sexuality and emotional life.
Gender inequality has social function and history
It is produced and maintained by identifiable