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SOC281H1 (4)

Lecture 1

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University of Toronto St. George
Bonnie Erickson

Culture and Inequality Lecture 1 Date: September 11, 2012 Inequality – long lasting differences between groups Differences that matter… - Differences in Weber’s ‘life-chances’ or chances to get rewards and opportunities important in one’s society - There are unequal chances for economic and cultural goods (some are luckier than others) - Power is not equally distributed Social structures are the pattern of social relationships between social actors. Inequality comes in different forms  In Canada today, we have four big kinds of inequality - CLASS, AGE, GENDER, ETHNICITY (CAGE) o Class –  All depends on what kind of job you have, where you live, etc…  It’s the basic type of inequality  Weber has described a class as a ‘social situation in which people share typical life chances’  He also says that class deals with areas in the market  some are more successful because they bring more chips to the table, better knowledge etc…  Most powerful determinant of life chances in today’s world is the work people do  o Age, Gender, Ethnicity –  They are all connected to class as well  However, they have their own specific life inequalities - When people work in the same occupations, there are still inequalities in these fields o Men earn more than women o Older people could earn more than younger, etc… - A.G.E. are not reducible to class however, they are just relatable - We cant look at all these factors in separate areas, they all mix with one another Culture and Inequality - Culture is everything is that one learns/knows - The facts, ideas,
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