SOC313 LECTURE 5 FEBRUARY 2, 2016
FRANCE BURKA BAN
Panda in a zoo, and they wanted to cheer it up in the Tonight Show- the hashtag was to go to a
flight over Paris- it is a criminal behaviour
Act prohibiting the concealment of face in the public space, France is one step further with a
complete ban which can be a religious discrimination-- masks, burkas, etc.
Modern specialised body of people who carry out much of the law enforcement functions in
today’s societies. They are different in specific places. In countries, such as Nigeria, there is a
separate police force that is particular for enforcing religious laws and norms. In Saudi Arabia the
Arabia police that enforce beyond laws- norms, thoughts, beliefs.
The attempt to main security through surveillance and the threat of sanction- there is a difference
between policing and the police, law enforcement officers can carry this and can be wider—
policing and police are two different things, not only do police officers carry policing functions,
they can be carried out by non-police officers, such as formal controls and informal controls, Sam
Spain a private investigator preforms the policing function, all of us in one way play a role in it.
Most policed country
Least policed country
There is very little statistical difference in relation to numbers, and it is expensive research to do.
of the individuals.
Social and political institutions
DIFFERENT STRUCTURRES OF POLICE
Centralised Single Systems---- One national police force (Nigeria) and is responsible for
enforcing a single set of laws throughout the entire country
Decentralised Single Systems --- Single police force under decentralised command
(Japan)—not in command of one body or place
Centralised Multiple Coordinated System--- multiple police forces across the country,
however they take orders from national government and pursue the same goal (England
and Wales, France) Decentralised Multiple Coordinated Systems- Several police forces under the command of
different government levels (i.e. Canada), National RCMP, then Municipal police forces
Toronto police, and regional ones such as Waterloo Regional, Provincial such as the OPP.
All pursue the same goal
Centralised Multiple Uncoordinated Systems- Several independent police forces that are
all administered by the national government (Italy), each force pursue difference goals
Decentralised Multiple Uncoordinated Systems- several independent police forces
administered by different governments, each pursuing different goals. USA could fit this.
Small police station you can go to, and there would be one or two police officers there. A two
storied house with a couple of rooms, with one to more than ten police officers. Earliest Koban
built back in 1874. Functions carried by police in koban include
Maps and Directions
Lost and Found
Makes us question if we are reaching the community policing that places like Japan are. Is there
more that police can be doing here? We might accept that the community policing has been so
long ago, but when the koban was originallybuilt, theyhad a different function, this was a network
to establish state police that attempted to widen. Japan has changed significantly and the way
policing was carried went through a shift—the boxes of kobans maintained.
NYPD_ Zero Tolerance Policing
Broken Windows Metaphor- If just one window is left unpaired it sen