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SOC309Y1 (60)
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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC309Y1
Professor
Robb Travers
Semester
Summer

Description
Stigmaand HIV June-08-11 9:51 PM Objectives { tobetterunderstandstigma(asasociologicalconstruct) Stigmaisincreasinglyemergingasasocialdeterminantofhealth Oneofthechallengesisthatwedon`treallyknowhowtodefinestigma Sociologicaldefinitionstakeintoaccounttheactivewayinwhichstigmakeepsitspower { }o}ZZ]LZ] ZZ]2K]ZZ}Z }L}o[}o~ZZ} ]o} ZZ[}KZ}Z} ]o control) { toexplorethedebilitatingimpactofstigmaonpeoplelivingwithHIVorthoseatrisk ConsiderablebodyofevidenceshowsthatstigmacausespeoplewithHIVtobecomesickmuchmore quickly { ZZ]2L}Z]Z}]L2,I-positiveopensanewanddifficultjourneyofrestabilizingalifejarredfromits }L]}LZ:[ Adam&Sears(1996, p.1)(UniversityofWindsor) { beingtoldthatoneisHIV-positive challengesassumptionsandexpectationsabouthowyouthoughtlifewouldunfold Bury(1982) callsthisillness-relatedprocess,biographicaldisruption[: Diagnosisofanykindofillnessjarslifefromitsstablefoundation Priorto1996, peoplepreparedtodiewhentheyhadHIV-spendinglotsofmoney,going travelling,maxingtheircreditcards,takingloansoutontheirhouses Post1996, peoplehadtoshiftfrompreparingtodieto preparingtolive -lotsofinteresting thingshappenedforpeoplebackthen { ZStigma[ { InhislandmarkbookStigma:NotesontheManagementofSpoiledIdentity(1963),Goffmandescribed stigmaas: ZAnattributeZ]Zo]Z ]]L2]Z]L] oZ} ]o]L ]}L[ Lotsofresearchof peoplewithphysicaldisabilities-howpeoplelookatthem,stareatthem, dismissthemwhentheyrespeaking-youcantexperiencestigmainisolationofthesocial world Hisexplanationofstigmafocusesonthepublic[sattitudetowardapersonwhopossessesanattribute ZooZZZ}}Z} ]o ]}LZ[ ZThepersonwiththeattributeisZreducedinourmindsfromawholeandusualpersontoatainted, ]Z }L}L[ { Goffmanfurtherexplainedthatstigmafallsintothreecategories: 1. AbominationsofthebodyLvariousphysicaldeformities. SLIMdiseaseisawaythat acknowledgesthatthereisastigmaattachedto it(In Africa) 2. BlemishesofindividualcharacterLweakwill,domineeringorunnaturalpassions,treacherousandrigid beliefs,ordishonesty.Blemishesofcharacterareinferredfrom,forexample,mentaldisorder, imprisonment,addiction,alcoholism,homosexuality,unemployment,suicidalattempts,orradicalpolitical behaviour,bipolardisorder,depression. Ineverysocietyonearth,pointingafingermeansthesamething-alsocrying,smiling,etc. 3. Tribalstigmaofrace, nation,and religionLbeliefsthataretransmittedthroughlineagesandequally contaminateallmembersofafamily i.e.beingaJehovahswitness { AccordingtoGoffmanandotherresearchers,diseasesassociatedwiththehighestdegreeofstigmashare commonattributes: thepersonwiththediseaseisseenasresponsibleforhavingtheillness thediseaseisprogressiveandincurable Somethingaboutdiseasesthatmarkthebodyinsomewaythat stigmatizespeople -evencancer thediseaseisnotwellunderstoodamongthepublic i.e.HIV thesymptomscannotbeconcealed. { LinkandPhelan(2001) maintainthatstigmaoccurs whenthereisaconvergenceofinterrelatedcomponents(a socialprocess,notmerelysociological): ZStigmaexistswhenelementsoflabeling,stereotyping,separation,statusloss,anddiscrimination occurtogether]L}Z]]}LZoo}ZZK:[ { JonathanMann,FoundingDirector,WorldHealthOrganizationsGlobalAIDSProgrammedistinguishedbetween threephasesoftheAIDSepidemicinanycommunity: www.notesolution.com
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