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HIV AIDS globalization and the internatioal women's movement.docx

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University of Toronto St. George
Travis K.Bost

HIV/AIDS, globalization and the international women’s movement Sisonke Msimang HIV/AIDS and globalization - Globalization, the drive towards an economic system dominated by supranational trade and banking institutions that are not accountable to democratic processes or national government - Increases in cross-border economic, social and technological exchange under conditions of capitalism - Human bodies move across borders sometimes carry the virus that causes AIDS, and often, they meet the virus at their destinations - Virus follows vulnerability, crosses borders with ease, finds itself at home where there is conflict, hunger and poverty - It thrives on inequality - Southern Africa provides an excellent case - Southern Africa, the economy of the region has been defined in the last two centuries by minding: gold and diamond. - Shedding thousands of jobs. Yet, globalization has provided a solid platform for the current AIDS REASON: - „steal some land and subjugate its people. Take some men from rural areas and put them in hostels far away from home, in different countries if need be. Build roads. Ensure that the communities surrounding the men are impoverished so that a ring of sex workers develops around each mining town. - Add AIDS, take some miners and send them home for holidays to their rural, uninfected wives. Add few girlfriends in communities along the road home - Liberal amounts of patriarchy: Women have no right to determine the conditions under which sex will take place. No access to credit, education, or any of the measures that would give them options to leave unhappy unions, or dream of lives in which men are not the centre of their activities - African countries on average spend 4 times more on debt servicing than they do on health - Access to technology, drugs, and strong social safety nets in the North, mean that HIV/AIDS is a manageable chronic illness in most developed countries. Yet there are pockets of poor, immigrant, gay, and otherwise marginalized communities within these countries, where HIV prevalence is on the rise - Alone does not protect you from vulnerability to HIV infection, nor does it guarantee treatment - Where you sit in relation to the state is equally important HIV/AIDS and feminism - States have failed to provide their citizens with the basic rights enshrined in the declaration of human rights - AIDS now is black, female, and extremely young - In some parts of sub-Saharan Africa, girls aged 15-18 are six times more likely than their male counterparts to be HIV positive - The epidemic will explode in Asia and in Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America in next 10 yrs - They pandemic will have profound effects on the burden of reproductive work that women do, and this in turn will have far-reaching consequences for the participation of women in politics, the economic sector, and other sectors of society. The very maintenance of the household, the work that feminist keeps the world running may no longer be possible - Life shrinks to the forties and fifties in Africa, we face the prospect of a generation without grandparents, and an imminent orphan and vulnerable children
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