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SOC309Y1 (60)


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Robb Travers

GENDER, POWER, WOMEN & HIV/AIDS Lec 1 Jan 20 Who wields power–power is the driving force behind the HIV epidemic; where power resides the virus recedes, and where it does the virus thrives Power lies in - adult men white people North Americans straight people The impact of power the catastrophic effects of power can be seen worldwide in women and girls where we see: - death as relief - childhood and adolescence robbed - social ostracism violent abuse before death they are: raped, sexually emotionally abused forced into sex trade deprived of children beaten sold into slavery imprisoned disowned and if they didn’t die they would most likely not receive: education decent paying job property inheritance rights and reproductive health choices -in America HIV is the leading cause of death among African women aged 25 to 34 - among aboriginal peoples in Canada women are 48% of new infections - in Canada a total of 2058 cases and 11,403 HIV cases were reported in adult women up to December 31, 2009 - according to the Center for infectious disease prevention and control, women accounted for 9.9% of cumulative AIDS cases in adults up to December 31, 2009 - the proportion of AIDS cases among women-creased from 7% before 1997 to 17% in 2009 - women representing creasing portion of positive HIV test in Canada 17% in 2009 with women aged 30 to 39 years old accounting for the most substantial proportion at 54% we are not powerless women often portrayed as the victims, vessels and vectors of disease - on the contrary women have been at the forefront of some of the most creative innovative and successful initiatives designed to turn the tide of HIV/AIDS epidemic some examples– power inaction: microbicides in 1991 a woman from Uganda stood at an international AIDS per invention conference and asked this question “if we can put people on the noon why can’t we make something that women can use to protect themselves against HIV” the microbicide story: Lor Heise an activits, found Dr. Zena Stein who had been already calling for a “virucide”- she anda group of women went to work, and tried to put prevention on the agendas of the UN population Council and the WHO - the first research funding for an “ Intravaginal Virucide” became available in 1992, and within five years the global campaign for microbicides was launched [ in the international partnership on microbicides has raised over hundred and $70 million from a government to foundations that Bill and Melinda Gates foundation the Rockefeller foundation the European commission and the World Bank] - that is power- the power to potentially save 2.5 million lives over three years because one woman asked one question and determined women took real action power in action:rebuilding lives impacted by violence as a result of conflict in Rwanda in 1994 250,000 women were raped as a tactic of war and genocide, codes to 75% of the Rwandan rape survivors were HIV-positive and had no access to ARV’s so they decided to do something about it- they contacted to American women who informed “women’s equity in access to care and treatment”. Together they helped form a joint public–private partnership under the national AIDS plan called the “Rwanda women’s treatment access initiative”. Rwanda women’s treatment access initiative: provided technical assistance training education and a range of medical services to women–aimed at building capacities of local NGOs to deliver services and can recognize poverty nutrition and safety barriers to successful treatment - implemented a “chicken fund”–which supplied hundreds of women starting area leaves with a chicken and two roosters asked for proteins and a product that could be sold to buy food the results: women receive training in food production and income generation, program provides free comprehensive HIV care to more than 4000 people where 45% of whom are rape survivors, everyone received ARV treatment–more than 90% adherence rate, three mobile teams in partnership with 24 NGOs provide HIV testing to 1300 people in a month, national peer education and training program providing self employment tools for HIV people and . Families power inaction: microfinance and self empowerment the economic well-being and self empowerment of women is seen as a means to reduce violence against women including rape by their intimate partners and this in turn reduces HIV infection The IMAGE study: the interventions and micro-finance for AIDS gender equity study led by Julia Cameron of the rural aid and development action research program, combined with a micro-finance poverty alleviation program with participatory gender and HIV training, microfine and portion handled by the small enterprise foundation, a South African NGO with more than 30,000 active clients IMAGE study structure: minimized the prospect of conflict within households, and advance women’s self empowerment by creating a learning program called “sisters for life”, it also included training sessions on gender roles cultural beliefs relationships communication domestic violence and HIV, encouraged broader community mobilization to encourage both man and youth IMAGE study results: Risk of Internet partner violence was reduced by 55% over two years and participants are able to; challenged the acceptability of violence, received better treatment from their partners, leave abusive relationships and raise public awareness about intimate partner violence. Benefits also reach to young people at home resulting in greater openness and communication about sexuality and HIV. Self-confidence was so enhanced that participants organize
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