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Lecture 5

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Brent Berry

Chapter 5: Nuptiality Feb 5 Introduction  Marriage bust in industrialized countries? o Has there been a bust in marriage? o Alternative types, not traditional marriage  Decision to marry – past vs. today o Increase in divorce, getting married later o Role of external circumstances vs. personal choice  Important reason why people get married  Historically, we seen ups and downs of marriage rates (that’s because of wars, recessions)  External circumstances (ie. Wars)  But personal choice  that’s today’s society; changes in individualism  Marriage used to be compulsory (expected to get married  social norm) o Common law relationships and raising children outside of matrimony o Single parent households o Same-sex households (see box on page 170)  Is growing diversity of family forms positive or negative?  Centrality of traditional marriage in question? Nuptiality in Demographic Analysis  Definition o Frequency or incidence of marriage in a population, but the demographic study of nuptiality is broader… o Not just studying incidence or frequency, demographers study the breaking of marriage, other types of relationships, encompasses all aspects of family formation, divorce, widowhood, and redial marriage  First marriage has been a key variable of study  Nuptiality as process o Movement across marital states (Fig 5.1) Measures of Nuptiality  Crude marriage rate= Marriage/Population *1000  Crude divorce rate= Number of divorces/Population *1000 o Denominator is the overall population, and not just the population that is at risk of divorce  So we want to restrict our denominator (make more narrow) to apply it more  Alternative measures: To get married, need to be singled, divorced or widowed RDIVR= D/P (females married) GMR= Number of marriages/female pop (15+) o  Table 5.1 shows CMR and CDivR for Canada (crude rates  Problems with the crude rates  General and refined marriage and divorce rates o Table 5.2 vs. Table 5.3  First Marriage Rate (Table 5.4)  Age-Specific marriage and divorce
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